"Primitive" Greek Art: Garden Statuary

The primitive Greeks built the 1st freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. wwlvs_cv_3__07850.jpg Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot extended out of a fixed forward-facing pose and the male statues were always unclothed, with a strong, strong shape. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they progressed into more sophisticated forms of government and art, and obtained more data about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. Notwithstanding, these battles did little to hinder the progression of the Greek civilization.

Garden Water Fountains: Installation Guidelines

When planning where to install your garden fountain, do not overlook the fact that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. The practical side of setting one up is often overlooked because people get so focused on the beauty of it. Do not forget that an extension cord can be helpful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. Set up your fountain in a place close to a water source as you will need to refill it. Water is challenging to move by hand from place to place. A nearby water hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to look into getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much easier in the long run.

At What Point Did Water Fountains Emerge?

The translation of hundreds of classic Greek documents into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to embellish the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The historical Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the modified aqueduct he had rebuilt.

Keeping Your Garden Fountain Clean

Water fountains will last a long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance.

Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such debris. Another factor is that water that is subjected to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be dissolved into the water to avoid this problem. Some people opt for pouring bleach into the water, but the problem is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should have a good cleaning. Before you start cleaning, all of the water must be removed. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. A good tip is to use a toothbrush if there are tiny hard-to-reach spots. Do not leave any soap deposits inside or on the fountain.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should really disassemble it to get it truly clean. Soaking it in vinegar for a bit will make it easier to scrub. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain components that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is depleted. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you don't want that!

The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe

The published reports and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic facts and water fountain ideas all through Europe. An internationally recognized innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with integrated and clever water hydraulics. In France, towards the end of his lifetime, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication that became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Describing the latest hydraulic technologies, the book furthermore modified key hydraulic breakthroughs of classical antiquity. As a mechanized way to shift water, Archimedes devised the water screw, key among important hydraulic advancements. Sunlight heating up water in a pair of vessels unseen in a room adjacent to an decorative fountain was presented in one illustration. The hot water expands and then ascends and closes the pipes consequently activating the fountain. The book furthermore covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature concepts.

The Best Way to Install a Wall Water Feature

Wall elements can complement any room. The effects of the water sounds include bringing tranquility and calm to the room. Entryways are common places for wall fountains, but they can also be hung in any common space. The best way to hang one depends on the style, but the standard procedure is the same. Be sure that all the various components are used in constructing it. The foundation and the upper part will need to be put together as well as the pump and the tubing. Be sure to review the directions before starting to ensure it is done right. The assembly process is quite simple to understand. Keep in mind, though, that each design might require a slight modification. Have a colleague hold the wall fountain in the desired location, then mark the wall as necessary. To guarantee it will be straight, use a level. Mark the wall where you want the very top of the wall fountain as well as the base. There is more than one way to install a wall fountain. The first is to utilize screws which you glide directly into the holes on the back. A second option is use brackets mounted on the wall. The bracket option is best, specifically for wall fountains that are big and bulky. Decide where the brackets need to be located and mark the wall accordingly. Drill pilot holes in the wall for your drywall anchors. Affix the anchors by correctly hammering them into the wall. Use a cordless drill or a screwdriver to install the brackets, making certain they are straight. It is finally time to hang your wall fountain onto the mounting brackets. Check to be sure it is both secure and aligned. Water can be added as soon as the fountain has been positioned. Make sure there is sufficient water to cover the pump. Plug the pump into the wall and see the water begin to move. Gently pour in more water until it comes within an inch of the top of the basin. Never fill the basin all the way to the top or it will overflow when the pump is not on. The water level will rise because it all settles at the bottom of the basin if not being pumped. Damage can be be the result if the water is overly full and overflows down your wall.

How to Choose the Ideal Spot for Your Water Feature

One of the first things to consider when choosing a water fountain is exactly where you intend to put it. Any high-traffic areas such as driveways, entryways, or roundabouts are ideal spots to install one.

If you want to put yours against a wall, there are fountains designed expressly for this purpose. They can be mounted against a wall, post, or fence by using a bar or a hook attached to the back. Keep in mind when you set up your fountain that you must firmly affix it to a wall to avoid having it fall over in high winds and being damaged.

The garden sculpture style, yet another possibility, is lovely for parks or any place people tend to hang out to enjoy the fresh air and scenery.


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