Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome

With the development of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing technologies of the time, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. Starting in the sixteenth century, a new program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill. a-423__44102.jpg During the length of the aqueduct’s route were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it less demanding to clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. The cistern he had built to gather rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water requirements. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran under his residence.

The Magificent Early Masterpieces by Bernini

One can see Bernini's earliest masterpiece, the Barcaccia water fountain, at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. This area continues to be filled with Roman locals and tourists who like to exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. One of the city’s most fashionable meeting spots are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. In about 1630, the great master built the first water fountain of his career at the behest of Pope Ubano VIII. The fountain’s central theme is based on an a massive boat slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. According to 16th century texts, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was commemorated by the magnificent fountain. In what turned out to be his one and only extended absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

The Earliest Public Garden Fountains

Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to convey water from canals or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. In the days before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby mountains. Fountains throughout history have been created as monuments, impressing local citizens and visitors alike.

The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and religious purposes. Stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The jet of water emerging from small jets was pushed by gravity, the sole power source creators had in those days. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, canals, or rivers. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., built from stone and bronze. Water for the community fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Gadget

Though the machine designed by Agrippa for moving water attained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to vanish not long after. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern aqueducts made the system outdated when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. Even though it is more very likely that it was merely disposed of when Ferdinando ceded his cardinalship and moved back to Florence, protecting his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, following the loss of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. There might have been some other significant water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the late sixteenth century, like water fountains which played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water presentations, but none was motorized by water that defied gravity.

Pick from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

Small verandas or courtyards are a perfect place to install wall fountains since they add style to an area with limited space.

Traditional, antique, contemporary, or Asian are just some of the styles you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. Your tastes dictate the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

The two types of water features available to you include mounted and freestanding models. Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained versions which can be placed on a wall. Typically made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Sizable free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a smooth side leaning on a wall. There are no weight restrictions on these sorts of cast stone water features.

Custom-made fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a trained mason. You will need to incorporate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. A tailor-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a unified look.

The Countless Construction Materials of Large Outdoor Fountains

Garden fountains these days are commonly made from metal, though you can find them in other materials too. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a range of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. If you have a modern-day look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should reflect that same style.

A common choice today is copper, and it is used in the crafting of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is common for both inside and outside use and is frequently found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. If you choose to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to contemporary.

Brass water fountains are also common, although they tend to have a more conventional look than copper ones. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite popular because they often include interesting artwork.

Perhaps the most contemporary of all metals is stainless steel. For an instantaneous increase in the value and serenity of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Like all water fountains, you can get them in just about any size you choose.

Because it is both lighter and cheaper than metal but has a comparable look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. The cleaning of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many advantages that people appreciate.

Fountains Featuring Multiple Levels

For a long time now, multi-tiered fountains have been common, especially in gardens. You can see many of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European nations. While they can be located anywhere, they are most prevalent in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people get together. While some tiered fountains have ornate designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very simple.

While they can be located just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic settings. If done properly, anyone seeing the fountain will assume it has been there forever.


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