The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. p-542__94651.jpg Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. Gardening, a placid occupation, was unfeasible in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle is probably the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. As a strategy of deterring attackers from tunneling beneath the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.

Eco-Friendly Fountains: Good for the Environment

Do you desire to make your home just a little more stunning? Well, think about adding elegance and value to your residence by installing a solar water feature. They offer all the valuable benefits of electric fountains, such as improving health and general well-being but they also provide tremendous monetary perks. Despite the high initial price, costs associated with these water features are worthwhile. Despite periodic power outages, your fountain will not be affected as it does not run on electricity.

Running water fountains will lead to a spike in your electric bill. The short-term benefits may not be noticeable, but keep in mind that the increased worth of your home will be later on.

The increased prices resulting from using more electricity is not the only factor, it also harms our eco-system. Solar powered water fountains are fueled directly from the sun thus making them the perfect “green” fountain. Using solar power to run a water feature is not only worthwhile to our environment but it also heats and cools our homes.

This sort of water fountain doesn't need as much maintenance as others.

These water features need less maintenance than other kinds. Clogs don't occur since there is no motor - which means less cleaning. And this means more fun for you!

Garden Fountains as Celebratory Pieces

To pay tribute to the memory of someone who has passed away, consider creating a garden fountain. Age-old practices are often met with resistance nowadays. Yet most societies even nowadays build memorials to honor their dead. A lot of people include intimate personal objects on a memorial to remind them of their loved one. They can be fashioned in endless ways, and backyard garden fountains are widely seen as a beautiful way to remember those who have passed. There are lots of ways to customize your garden fountain in your loved one’s memory such as putting in flowers including, attaching a plaque, or gathering for memorial services around the fountain.

Garden fountains enable you to pay homage to loved ones you have lost. The tricking of water through the fountain represents the luck and affluence of your loved one and can also be part of the celebration of their life. Make sure to get a strong, durable, weatherproof garden fountain to create a lasting memorial. You will want to be sure that your memorial will survive many years once in place.

The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Garden Fountain

These days you can just place your garden water fountain close to a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond. Nowadays, you can do away with excavations, difficult installations and cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this fountain no longer requires plumbing work. Frequently adding water is the only necessity. Your pond and the nearby area are sure to get dirty at some point so be sure to empty the water from the basin and replenish it with clean water.

Stone and metal are most prevalent elements used to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be manufactured from other materials as well. The most appropriate material for your fountain depends entirely on the style you choose.

It is best to shop for garden wall fountains which are easy to install, handmade and lightweight. Ensure that your fountain is manageable as far as maintenance is concerned. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are usually the only parts which need additional care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the installation is a bit more complex. Little effort is needed to enliven your garden with these kinds of fountains.

Ancient Outdoor Water Feature Designers

Commonly working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative genius, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance master. He systematically recorded his ideas in his now recognized notebooks, following his mind boggling curiosity in the forces of nature inspired him to investigate the attributes and movement of water. Converting private villa configurations into ingenious water showcases complete with symbolic interpretation and natural wonder, early Italian water feature designers combined curiosity with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic themes as well as established technical texts, other fountain creators were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water properties and water antics for the numerous estates near Florence.

Bernini's Early Masterpieces

The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. This area continues to be filled with Roman locals and visitors who enjoy exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. One of the city’s most fashionable meeting places are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would undoubtedly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. In about 1630, the great master designed the very first water fountain of his career at the behest of Pope Ubano VIII. An enormous vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. The great 16th century flooding of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to writings from the period. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a prolonged time period, in 1665 Bernini voyaged to France.

Agrippa’s Magnificent Water-lifting Appliance

Though the mechanism designed by Agrippa for moving water attained the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to vanish not very long after. It could be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest conduit, the Acqua Felice, started providing the Villa Medici, there was no longer very much use for the equipment. Even though it’s more probable that it was simply disposed of when Ferdinando relinquished his cardinalship and moved back to Florence, ensuring his position as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, just after the loss of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. There might have been different spectacular water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, like fountains which played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water presentations, but none of them were operated by water which defied the force of gravity.


Chatsworth Gardens: The "Revelation" Fountain
Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, crafted “Revelation,” the newest addition to the decorative outdoor fountains of Chatsworth. She was delegated by the... read more
The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge
The circulated papers and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the chief methods of transmitting useful hydraulic concepts and water feature ideas all through Europe. ... read more
Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known?
Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated books of the time. They were also the main method of transferring useful hydraulic information and... read more
Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa
On the Greek island of Crete, digs have discovered conduits of several sorts. These delivered water and extracted it, including water from waste and deluges. The... read more
Attributes of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece
The Archaic Greeks manufactured the 1st freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Younger, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of... read more