Anglo Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. r-107__87281.jpg Castles were more basic constructions and often built on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, commonly situated in the widest, most fertile hollows. The calm practice of gardening was unlikely in these bleak bastions. The finest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A monumental terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a charming bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Bernini's Fountains

There are lots of celebrated Roman fountains in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had capabilities as a water fountain designer, and records of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome. Ultimately moving to Rome to totally reveal their art, chiefly in the form of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. An exceptional worker, Bernin earned praise and the patronage of popes and important painters. He was initially recognized for his sculpture. Working gracefully with Roman marble, he utilized a base of experience in the historical Greek architecture, most notably in the Vatican.

Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Water Fountains: Great for Wildlife

Wildlife and pets are by nature attracted to bird feeders and water fountains. All birds need somewhere to drink, bathe and preen. Robins, thrushes, orioles and warblers, though not attracted to bird feeders, are alternatively drawn to the motion of water created by fountains. Many birds prefer flowing water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more appealing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Birds are greatly attracted to the trickling and splashing sounds produced.

Dogs are attracted to fountains mainly because they provide drinking water. Hot days drive dogs and cats to anxiously look for the freshest water nearby. Fountains generally require little cleaning due to their constantly streaming water, whereas birdbaths need to be regularly serviced because they easily collect debris.

The Incredible Notes of Musical Fountains

A musical or dancing fountain, provides an aesthetic design with three-dimensional images, and is a type of animated water feature used to entertain audiences. The resulting effect of timed sound waves and timed light - including lasers- hitting against water molecules creates an amazing show. When the water refracts and reflects the light, it emits stunning three-dimensional images.

The price tag on large scale installations, which utilize hundreds of water jets and lights, runs into the millions of dollars. Such a huge musical feature is very complex to build because of all the technical, hydraulic, and electrical elements required to create the amazing effects - and could be considered more stunning than the actual show.

The fountain in Dubai is the largest musical project worldwide. Spanning the 30-acre manmade Burj Khalifa Lake, it was the brainchild of California-based company WET Design, who became known for their striking fountain design at the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas. This massive water feature has 6,600 lights, 25 colored projectors, fog and fire. It ranges 275 m (902 ft) in length and shoots water 150 m (490 ft) into the sky - which is comparable to a 50-story building - and is accompanied by various styles of music from classical to contemporary Arabic to world music. The final cost was exceptional - an estimated 218 million dollars. The fountain along with the Dubai Mall were both officially opened on May 8, 2009 by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. The Souk Al Bahar or the Dubai Mall make ideal places from which to look at the fountain located in front of the Burj Khalifa.

What Are Outdoor Water fountains Crafted From?

Though they come in various materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metals tend to yield clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any design preference or budget. It is very important that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

Presently, copper is extremely popular for sculptural garden fountains. Copper fountains are the ideal option because they are perfect for the inside and outside. Copper is also flexible enough that you can pick a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

Also popular, brass fountains typically have a more old-fashioned appearance to them versus their copper counterpart. Brass fountains are often designed with unique artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

The most contemporary metal right now is probably stainless steel. A modern steel design will quickly raise the value of your garden as well as the feeling of serenity. As with all fountains, you can get any size you need.

Fiberglass fountains are well liked because they look similar to metal but are more affordable and much less difficult to move around. Keeping a fiberglass water fountain clean and working correctly is quite simple, another aspect consumers love.

Feline-Friendly Water Elements

Does your cat like to hop onto the countertop when he hears the faucet? Do you find him gulping toilet water or hesitating before drinking water from his own dish? Odd as these behaviors sound, they in fact show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water. They are not motivated to look for water much at all.

In the wild, cats tend to consume moisture-rich meat, which means they do not need to regularly search for water. Therefore, felines never developed the drive to drink water. Owner's of a domesticated cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get adequate water because it is an essential part of their overall health. Make water easily attainable to your cat by installing a cat fountain.

Having one will ensure your cat has enough water available anytime it wants to drink. You can choose one you know your cat will enjoy since they come in so many unique models. Fountains can have continually moving water for freshness, or a receptacle that fills up as your cat empties it.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Solution

The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting invention earned from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporal. It could perhaps be that in 1592 when Rome’s most recent waterway, the Acqua Felice, set about providing the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer much usage for the system. Its usage could very well have been brief but Camillo Agrippa’s innovation occupied a prominent place in history as the most amazing water-lifting hardware of its type in Italy prior to the modern era. Renaissance landscapes of the later part of the 16th century were home to works like music water fountains, scenographic water displays and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t filled with water in ways which defied the force of gravity itself.


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Throughout Europe, the chief means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation. An... read more
Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains
There are numerous famous fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceptualized and built almost all of them. ... read more
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Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology
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