Anglo-Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were massive stone structures built in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. Gardening, a placid occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. a_541__79153.jpg The finest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to attackers trying to dig under the castle walls. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

The Advantages of a Water Fountain in your Workplace

Most customers value water fountains. If you have a business or store, having a water fountain will likely bring in more clients and set you apart from the competition. Yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, salons as well as other retail businesses can all profit from including a visible water feature outdoors. A water fountain will provide the perfect ambiance to a business where people like to mingle and relax. Bars or a restaurants that include a water feature will be appealing to those who are seeking a romantic setting.

Ancient Garden Fountain Designers

Commonly serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a creative legend, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an inventor and scientific specialist. With his immense fascination regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the properties and mobility of water and also carefully annotated his findings in his now recognized notebooks. Brilliant water exhibits loaded of symbolic significance and all-natural wonder transformed private villa settings when early Italian water feature creators paired imagination with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The brilliance in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his capabilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water pranks for the numerous properties near Florence, some other water fountain designers were well versed in humanistic subjects and ancient scientific texts.

Short History of Fountains

Throughout history, water fountains have been an essential part of every town and settlement, even playing a part in most civilization’s myths and legends. We have not always had indoor plumbing, so earlier folk took trips to the local fountain when they desired drinking water. The fountains’ interesting artwork and life-giving characteristics also give them a particular supernatural excellence for the townsfolk, encouraging prayer and even dreams. The water fountains are a location for baptisms, as well as a source of water when resources are cut off by a military siege. Water fountains also serve as an area to gather for chatting and socializing, as seen in Delphi at the Castalia temple.

The Cascade Fountain at Chatsworth Garden

The Cascade garden fountain creates a amazing garden centerpiece at the rear of Chatsworth House. For 200 yards in direction of the house is a collection of 24 irregularly spaced stone steps stretching all the way down the hillside. Founded on a 17th century French design, the Cascade is also entirely gravity fed. This water fountain has been kept unchanged after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water slowly moves downward. Ornamented on the outside of the house with sea creatures in bas-relief, the dwelling is a small construction. Causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade pageant, on special occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be enhanced, as liquid flows through conduits on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved deep-sea creatures, before proceeding down the Cascade. The music of the water falling changes as it goes down the Cascades, offering a fantastic and comforting accompaniment to a saunter through the gardens and formed by the small difference of each step. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.

Back Story of Garden Water Fountains

The translation of hundreds of classic Greek documents into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to embellish the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the reconstruction of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area formerly filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by the Pope. Changes and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for building it. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by including beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the functions of modern-day fountains.


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