Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Works of Art

The 16th century saw the construction of the most ancient Roman wall fountains, the products of two celebrated Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. Michelangelo’s first fountain was completed in 1536 in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome and makes up part of the front of the Palazzo Senatorio. A conduit from the Aqua Felice was built later and it delivered water to the Capitol making a more impressive water effect possible. a-449__44593.jpg Anticipating this, Michelangelo had added a more substantial basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

The question remains as to whether the celebrated sculptor was the first to create wall fountains. The maestro's designs truly impacted the future style of fountains in Italy. Further examples of this type of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is located between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Sadly, Michelangelo was destined to put his own abilities aside and combine conventional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain built at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and commissioned the Florentine master to design a special wall fountain. A marble Moses striking the rock from which water flowed was to adorn the fountain. Rather than making the Moses sculpture, which would take too much time to complete, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. It was considered easier to use a traditional sculpture above the fountain rather than have the illustrious artist design a totally new figure.

Outdoor Fountains for Compact Spots

Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a smaller spot appear bigger than it is. Dark materials alter the refractive properties of a fountain or water feature. When the sun goes down, you can use submersed lights in different colors and shapes to illuminate your new feature. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. Relieving stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

Water just mixes into the greenery in your backyard. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the focal feature on your property. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to put in a water feature. The right accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to improve the atmosphere.

Choosing the Perfect Setting for Your Water Feature

Before choosing a water fountain, take some time to think about specifically where you want to put it. They make striking centerpieces in roundabouts and make a nice impression in driveways and entryways too.

If you choose to put yours against a wall, there are fountains designed expressly for this purpose.

To secure one against a wall, look for a bar or hook on the back made precisely for this purpose. Such fountains are not stable on their own, therefore, be sure to secure it right away so that it does not topple over as a result of weather conditions, animals or other natural occurrences.

A frequent spot to add a garden sculpture is commonly in areas where people gather to relax and enjoy the scenery.

The Genesis Of Outdoor Fountains

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise.

Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains made to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

Find Serenity with Garden Fountains

Simply having water in your garden can have a significant effect on your well-being. The sounds of a fountain are great to block out the noise in your neighborhood or in the city where you live. This is a place where you can entertain yourself and enjoy nature. Bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers are commonly used in water therapies, as they are considered therapeutic. If you desire a celestial spot to go to relax your body and mind, get yourself a pond or water fountain.

The Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth

At the back of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden water fountain forms a spectacular centerpiece to the gardens. Twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps in a series stretch 200 yards in the direction of the house and all the way down the hillside. Entirely gravity fed, the Cascade too is modeled on a 17th century French concept. Remaining unaltered since its inception, this water fountain was originally designed for the very first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water gently flows downward. Water creatures in bas-relief decorate the exterior of the residence which is a small-scale building. Prior to proceeding down the Cascade, on unique occasions water pressure to the Cascade may be increased, causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade spectacle, as water runs through conduits on its roof and originating from the jaws of its carved marine creatures. Offering a fantastic and relaxing complement to a walk through the gardens, the slight contrast in size of every single step signifies that the sound of the water cascading downward varies as it falls along the Cascades. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was named the best water fountain in England.

An Introductory Guide to Herbs in Your Garden

An Overview of Containers Gardening & Herbaceous Plants. You will enjoy instant gratification when you grow herbal plants in the garden as they can be employed in cooking sauces, soups, marinades and a number of other recipes. When frost starts to come around you could trim your herbal plants, but if you are sensible and have them planted in pots all that you have to do is transfer the pots inside the house to maintain them. There are a handful of advantages of having perennial herbs in your garden such as the fact that they do not need replanting at the end of the year or typically die. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in determining which herbs to grow. It is crucial to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will certainly use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should choose to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must choose where your herb garden will be planted in order to determine which herbs will grow best. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. This makes your yard look breathtaking without the problem of making or buying planters. Plants often die or become inactive because of exposure to the extreme weather. As a result, many people have preferred for planters because they are versatile and practical.


The Father Of Roman Fountain Design
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Water Fountains: The Minoan Culture
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