The Cascade Water Fountain at Garden of Chatsworth

Providing a fantastic main feature to the landscape at the rear of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps stretch down the hillside for 200 yards towards the house. The Cascade, also totally gravity fed, is founded on a 17th century French concept. ft_206_sideview__53296.jpg Remaining unmodified since its inception, this water fountain was originally designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. At the top of the fountain, from which water flows downward, is the Cascade House. A little structure, the dwelling is adorned on the external side with marine creatures in bas-relief. Just before continuing down the Cascade, on special occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted, causing the Cascade House to become an element of the Cascade spectacle, as water runs through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures. The shape of each step was made slightly different and means that the sound of the water cascading differs as it descends the Cascades, offering a wonderful and wonderful complement to a stroll through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was named England's best water feature.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. Engineering and horticulture were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But there was no time for home life, domestic design, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Monasteries and castles served separate purposes, so while monasteries were massive stone structures constructed in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive tactics.

The sterile fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most uncorrupted style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. As a method of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Gadget

Sadly, Agrippa’s excellent plan for lifting water was not referred to much after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it publicly. It may have become outdated once the Villa Medici was able to get water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern channel, in 1592. Its utilization might have been brief but Camillo Agrippa’s creation had a prominent place in history as the most spectacular water-lifting hardware of its kind in Italy prior to the modern era. It might violate the force of gravity to lift water to Renaissance gardens, providing them in a way other late sixteenth century concepts such as scenographic water exhibits, melodious water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Interesting Origin of the Water Wall Fountain

When he was looking to make Rome the capital of the Christian community, Pope Nicholas V took advantage of the occasion to ask for translations of Ancient Greek texts, converting them all into Latin. This brought Rome (and himself) popularity in the Christian world. The destroyed Roman aqueduct, Acqua Vergine, was utilized for giving fresh drinking water to the city from a distance of 8 miles and he began rebuilding it in 1453. He also decided to revive the Roman tradition of marking the endpoint of an aqueduct with a "mostra", a great commemorative public fountain. Commissioning a celebrated architect was the next step, and Leon Alberti began to design and construct a wall fountain in the center of Rome.

Wall fountains have their origin in Pope Nicholas V's desire to influence Christianity and at the same time improve Rome's water supply.

The Prevalence of Water Elements in Japanese Gardens

A water element is an important part of any Japanese garden. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are thought to be representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. Since water is the most important element of any Japanese fountain, the design is generally simple.

Many people also get a water fountain that has a bamboo spout. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. People typically make them appear weathered and worn, even when they are new. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are commonly put in place around a fountain so that it seems more interconnected with nature. Clearly this fountain is much more than just a nice add-on.

If you want to get a bit more imaginative, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Over the years it begins to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss grows over the stone.

Larger water features can be designed if there is enough open land. Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a meandering brook.

There are other alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to symbolize the water. In addition, flat rocks can be laid out close enough together to give the impression of a rippling brook.

Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

The first freestanding statuary was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a notable achievement since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Younger, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. Regarded as by Greeks to embody splendour, the kouroi were formed into firm, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, muscular, and fit. In about 650 BC, the varieties of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was an amazing point of change for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, formed fresh expressions of art, and attained knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Comparable to many other moments of historical unrest, disputes were common, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Suggestions for your Perfect Spot Inside or Outdoors

To attain the optimum feeling of serenity and harmony, be sure to include a feng shui fountain. This can be accomplished rather easily with a garden or home waterfall. The perfect complement to your decor is this type of element. So that you can see your outdoor fountain from inside as well, select a good spot for it.

Make sure to include some attractive flowers and plants, as they enhance any water fountain. Select plants that keep their beauty year-round. The area will be further enhanced with small embellishments like art, a fire pit, or attractive stones.


The Original Garden Fountain Designers
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was... read more
Gian Bernini's Garden Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are countless celebrated water features. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, created and built nearly all of them. His abilities as... read more
Water Transport Solutions in Ancient Rome
Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, inhabitants who dwelled on hillsides had to journey even further down to get their... read more
Architectural Statues in Early Greece
A good number of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods up until the period came to a close and countless... read more
Aspects of Garden Statuary in Archaic Greece
The first freestanding sculpture was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a notable success since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful,... read more
Keep Your Water Wall Fountain Tidy
Proper care and regular upkeep are important to the longevity of water fountains. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such... read more