Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, began providing the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone technologies available at the time to supply water to spots of higher elevation. 1965-bk__92219.jpg From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to meet his needs. To provide himself with a more effective system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Garden Fountain Builders Through History

Frequently working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as a creative wizard, inventor and scientific specialist. The forces of nature led him to analyze the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically recorded his ideas in his now famed notebooks. Early Italian fountain builders transformed private villa configurations into ingenious water showcases full with emblematic meaning and natural elegance by combining creativity with hydraulic and gardening experience. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli.

Other water feature developers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water jokes for the countless properties in the vicinity of Florence, were well-versed in humanist subjects and classical scientific readings.

Eco-Friendly Wall fountains

Do you desire to make your personal space just a little more stunning? Well, think about adding elegance and value to your residence by installing a solar water feature. They offer all the valuable benefits of electric fountains, such as improving health and general well-being but they also provide tremendous monetary rewards. While you may spend a bit upfront, the savings that you make in the long-run are worth it. Despite occasional power shortages, your fountain will not be affected because it does not run on electricity.

Your monthly electric bill will most probably go up with running water fountains. Although short-term expenses might be higher than you had anticipated, don't forget that your home is increasing in value.

The increased expenses resulting from using more electricity is not the only factor, it also damages our eco-system. Solar powered water fountains get their energy straight from the sun thus making them the perfect “green” fountain. The use of solar energy to heat or cool your house is much better for our planet.

This type of fountain demands less upkeep than others. As there is no electrical motor that can get clogged, little cleaning is required. Which ultimately means more time to chill out in your yard.

A Small Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Fountain too!

You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Increasing the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. If your purpose is to showcase your new feature at night, underwater lights in varied colors and shapes will do the trick. profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lighting fixtures during the night. Natural treatments use them because they emanate a soothing effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

Water just mixes into the greenery in your yard. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the central piece of your backyard. The flexibility of water features is that they can be set up in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The best way to perfect the atmosphere, position it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

The Benefits of Water Fountains to your Health

There are countless benefits to be gained from outdoor fountains including improved air quality as well as wonderful sounds and sights. Not only do they add elegance to your decor, they also create a fantastic place to gather with family and friends, and offer a variety of health benefits. That said, once you install your fountain you will likely take note of the myriad benefits it gives only you. It might take you back to a special time or place you fondly remember. When you look at it, you may think back to a special someone you once knew. It could also be turned into a memorial to pay homage to someone already gone. Regardless, it will be yours and yours alone and also add so much to your life.

The Minoan Civilization: Fountains

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed several sorts of conduits. In conjunction with delivering water, they dispersed water that gathered from storms or waste. The main materials utilized were rock or clay. Terracotta was employed for waterways and pipes, both rectangular and spherical. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping which were discovered have not been detected in any other culture. Terracotta water lines were installed beneath the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water. Along with disbursing water, the terracotta conduits of the Minoans were also used to accumulate water and store it. In order to make this conceivable, the pipes had to be created to handle: Underground Water Transportation: Originally this process appears to have been created not quite for comfort but to provide water for specific individuals or rituals without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars think that these water lines were chosen to generate a separate distribution system for the residence.

The Tallest Fountains Around the World

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the highest continually-functioning fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), situated close to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


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