Characteristics of Garden Sculpture in Archaic Greece

a-557__76747.jpg Archaic Greeks were known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Younger, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. Regarded as by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were structured into inflexible, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, well-built, and athletic. Around 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was an awesome time of transformation for the Greeks as they grew into new modes of government, produced fresh expressions of art, and achieved insights of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are indicatory of the disruptive nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Instructions for Mounting a Wall Water Feature

Make any room much better with a wall fountain. Serenity and tranquility will fill the room due to the pleasant sound of the waterfall. People tend to hang wall fountains in any area where folks hang out, but most commonly in foyers. Even though each model might have slight differences on how to install it, the general instructions are the same for all. There are normally several components that need to be assembled. You will need to connect the pump and tubing, and the base will need to be connected to the top section. Be sure to review the instruction manual before starting to make sure it is done right. You should find the process relatively simple. Note, however, that the guidelines for your specific model can vary a bit. Another person can be helpful to hold the wall fountain in the appropriate place so that you can mark the wall. To guarantee it will be straight, get a level. Place your marks at both the top and the bottom.

Your wall fountain can be installed in one of two ways. There are slots on the back which can be hung onto the screws you put on the wall. On the other hand, brackets can be secured to the wall. This alternative tends to be recommended for large wall fountains. Put a spot on the wall where the brackets will best fit on your wall fountain. Use a drill to make the pilot holes on the wall for the drywall anchors. Affix the anchors by attentively hammering them into the wall. Affix the brackets by ensuring they are level and then screwing them into the wall with a drill or screwdriver. Install your wall fountain by fastening it onto the brackets. Be certain that it is correctly straight and not loose. When you are certain the unit is stable, fill with water. Use sufficient water so that the pump is entirely submerged.

The water will start to circulate as soon as you plug in your fountain. Carefully add just enough water to reach one inch below the top edge of the basin. The basin will overflow when the pump is switched off if it is too full, so be careful not to fill it completely. When the water is not being pumped, it all settles at the bottom which causes the water level to rise. Whenever there is too much water, it will spill out and can harm your floor and furnishings.

Explore the World’s Tallest Fountains

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet. The water reaches the amazing height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. This fountain is considered the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and rockets water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Advantages of Having a WalI Fountain in your Waiting Room

Having a water feature on display in a waiting room can positively impact not only your environment but your emotional state as well. The thought of putting in this type of element in the reception room of your place of business may have also crossed your mind. You may be looking for some decorating ideas for the waiting room of your new or remodeled car showroom, medical practice, tax office, spa, or some other kind of business.

people waiting for an appointment or meeting for an extended period of time generally become more nervous. They start anxiously checking the time on their phones replaying all of the things waiting to be done. They may not even look at the ticking clock when there is a wall water fountain on show in your waiting room. Softly trickling water commonly serves to settle and sooth the mind.

As soon as the weather turns either hot or cool, most companies turn on the heat or the air conditioning in their waiting rooms. The atmosphere is typically dry in such conditions. The amount of moisture generated by your wall fountain is just enough to make the environment comfortable but not enough to make it humid. Those employees who work all day will therefore benefit from the atmosphere in the office. The mucous membranes in your body dry out as a result of the dry air which can lead to an increased propensity to fall ill. Undesirable effects such as dried out lips and skin along with lifeless hair, itchy eyes, and fragile nails are just some of the consequences of this environment. The use of water fountains is a fantastic, natural way to humidify the environment.

Moreover, wall water fountains produce sufficient sounds to muffle unwanted clamor making the environment more pleasant. Medical equipment, phones, faxes, and office chatter produce annoying noises. While the noises your guests hear will be less bothersome, they will not be completely eliminated .

Fountains also add to a healthy setting and make a good impression. Buying one of these could give you the competitive edge you need. In addition, your corporate name or your logo on a wall fountain can add a unique marketing tool.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as delivering drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Pets and Wildlife Enjoy Water Features

Wildlife and pets are naturally drawn to bird feeders and water fountains. The truth is that birds require water to: drink, bathe and preen. Birds including robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers favor the motion of water from a fountain and are not necessarily drawn to bird feeders. While bowl-shaped bird baths can be dull to many birds, fountains are more enticing because of the moving water they produce. Trickling fountains which splash water have a more detectable sound, this attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they provide fresh water to drink. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for clean water. Also, routinely flowing water fountains require less upkeep than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

Ancient Greece: The Origins of Outdoor Statue Design

A good number of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to enhance the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well. Portraiture started to be widespread as well, and would be embraced by the Romans when they defeated the Greeks, and quite often well-off families would commission a depiction of their progenitors to be positioned inside their huge familial tombs. A point of artistic progression, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms morphed through the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to assume that the arts served only one function. Whether to fulfill a visual yearning or to commemorate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an imaginative approach in the ancient world, which may well be what attracts our interest currently.


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