The Newest Addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth: "Revelation"

“Revelation,” the latest addition to the beautiful outdoor fountains of Chatsworth, was created by well-known British sculptor Angela Conner. She was mandated by the now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to create a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday. In 1999 Revelation was placed in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds. Alternatively camouflaging and exposing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s center, the metallic water feature takes on the form of four large flower petals that open and close with the movement of water. p-712__25082.jpg The sculpture’s dimensions are five meters high by five meters wide and includes a metal globe coated with gold dust. This newest fountain is an exciting and innovative addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the motion of the petals is entirely powered by water.

The Intriguing Origin of the Water Wall Fountain

When he was looking to make Rome the capital of the Christian community, Pope Nicholas V took advantage of the opportunity to request translations of Ancient Greek books, converting them all into Latin. This brought Rome (and himself) prestige in the Christian world. To further enhance his city's prestige, in the year 1453 he began to reconstruct the Acqua Vergine, the damaged Roman aqueduct which previously supplied clean drinking water to the city from 8 miles away. He also made the decision to restart the Roman custom of marking the terminal point of an aqueduct with a "mostra", a great commemorative public fountain. Pope Nicholas V commissioned designer Leon Battista Alberti to construct a simple wall fountain where the Trevi Fountain is now situated. Thus, the world's first known wall fountain came about due to the Pope's ambition to make Rome Christianity's center and restore the city's fresh water supply.

Did You Know How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Fountains Became Known?

Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the main means of transferring practical hydraulic ideas and fountain design ideas all through Europe. An unnamed French water fountain engineer came to be an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. His experience in making landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water fountains began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication that turned into the fundamental book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was written by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. The book modified crucial hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern day hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanical way to move water. Two hidden containers warmed by the sun's rays in a room next to the ornamental water fountain were presented in an illustration. Actuating the fountain is heated liquid which expands and rises to close up the conduits.

Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also mentioned in the book.

Setting Up and Maintaining Large Garden Fountains

A crucial first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to analyze the area you have available. A solid wall is definitely necessary to hold up its total weight. So spaces or walls which are smaller in size will most probably require something light. You will need to have an electrical outlet in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. There are many different types of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step instructions.

Most outdoor wall fountains are available in "for-dummies" style kits that will give you everything you need to properly install it. In the kit you will find all the needed essentials: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. If the size is appropriate, the basin can be hidden away among your garden plants. Once fitted, wall fountains typically only require some light upkeep and regular cleaning.

Replenishing and cleaning the water on a routine basis is very important. Debris such as branches, leaves or dirt should be cleared away quickly. Excessively cold temperatures can damage your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during the winter months. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to eliminate any possible damage, like as cracking. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be a part of your life for many years to come with the proper care and maintenance.

The Many Reasons to Include a Wall Fountain

The addition of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to adorn your yard or garden design. Many current designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, integrating one of these to your home design is a great way to connect it to the past. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off irritating flying insects.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some type of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should employ a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

The Garden Water Features

Villages and communities relied on working water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, streams, or creeks. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to squeeze the water through valves or other outlets. The appeal and wonder of fountains make them appropriate for historical monuments. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the initial fountains were very simple carved stone basins. 2000 BC is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were originally used. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the circulation of water through the fountain. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as beautiful as they are practical. Fountains with ornate decoration began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, commonly gods and creatures, made with stone or copper-base alloy. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Roman Wall Fountains of Michelangelo

The 16th century saw the construction of the first Roman wall fountains, the products of two reknowned Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was revealed. A conduit from the Aqua Felice was constructed later and it carried water to the Capitol making a more impressive water effect possible. Michelangelo, however, had predicted this which led to addition of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento.

Was the well-known artist the originator of the wall fountain? The sculptor’s designs absolutely influenced the future style of fountains in Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further illustrations of this type of structure.

Michelangelo’s great talent was put aside because he was forced to design fountains combining classical elements and a Roman style. An original wall fountain for the top of the corridor of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned to the famed artist by Julius III (1550-1555). The fountain was to be adorned with a marble sculpture of Moses striking a stone from which water flowed. The option of the Moses figure was dismissed, however, because of the time it would take to build it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. A design by the well-known artist was thought to be too time-consuming, therefore, an ancient sculpture placed above the fountain seemed to be a better choice.


Gardens of Chatworth and the Revelation Water Feature
“Revelation,” the latest inclusion to the beautiful outdoor fountains of Chatsworth, was developed by renowned British sculptor Angela Conner. In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday, she was commissioned by... read more
How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Spread
Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the principal means of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and water fountain design suggestions throughout Europe.... read more
Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were used to furnish cities with water as well as to alleviate flooding and eliminate waste material. They were for the... read more
The Public Fountains
Villages and villages relied on working water fountains to conduct water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. A supply of... read more
The First Documented Outdoor Garden Fountains of Human History
Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to convey water from rivers or springs to cities and hamlets, providing the residents with clean water to drink, wash, and... read more