A Chronicle of Garden Water Fountains

Himself a learned man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of ancient documents from their original Greek into Latin. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the center of his ambitions. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. 115129-8003__10856.jpg Building a mostra, a grandiose celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by the Pope. Adjustments and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

Chatsworth Gardens and the Revelation Water Feature

The popular British sculptor Angela Conner created the Chatsworth ornamental outdoor fountain called “Revelation.” In 2004/5 she was commissioned by the now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to design a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in brass and steel, for the Queen’s 80th birthday bash. “Revelation” was placed in 1999 in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s first ponds. Alternatively camouflaging and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s heart, the metallic water feature takes the form of four large flower petals which open and close with the circulation of water. Standing five meters high and five meters wide, the globe was built from metal and then coated with gold dust. This latest water fountain is an intriguing and innovative addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the movement of the flower petals is entirely driven by water.

The Wide Range of Outdoor Fountains

Turn your garden into what you have always desired – an oasis of serenity. The soothing feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.

A striking impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air. If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without trouble. You can find these in community parks or old mansions.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a classy wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to incorporate one of these. Spouting fountains usually make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated type of water feature. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, goes down a wonderfully textured wall, before being collected at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is best for you. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. On the other hand, a more contemporary yard can include more of a bold design. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something fun and intrepid.

Water flows down several levels in a tiered fountain. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the chief attribute of a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains require ample space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Since the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Tranquility and well-being are some of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. The repetition of water pouring into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this sort of fountain.

Fountains made of glass are another type on the market. Trellis-style fountains of this sort, highlight shaped metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Water features of this type are a perfect option for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary forms and design. The flowing water produces a beautiful effect as it moves down the glass sheets. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass sheets. Often made of fake rock, rock waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with pipes. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Water then flows as a gentle trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Little gardens are perfect for this type of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by the sun. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in a multitude of different styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to buy.

Consider the Perks of an Interior Wall Water Fountain

Indoor fountains have been used for many years as valuable elements to create calming, stress free environments for patients in clinics and wellness programs. A contemplative state can be induced in people who hear the soft sounds of trickling water.

Moreover, rehabilitation seems to go more quickly when water fountains are included as part of the treatment. Many physicians and mental health professionals consider these are a useful addition in treating a number of ailments. Patients with PTSD or insomnia, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recover better with the soothing, delicate sounds of flowing water.

An interior wall water element is thought to create an overall feeling of wellness and security according to numerous studies. The sight and sound of water are elemental to the existence of the human species and our planet.

The transformative power of water has long been considered as one of two vital elements used in the art of feng-shui. The main tenets of feng-shui say that we can achieve serenity and harmony by balancing the interior elements in our surroundings. We should include the element of water somewhere in our living area. The front of your home, including the entrance, is the ideal place to set up a fountain.

You and your loved ones will no doubt benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Based on the results of many studies, people who have a fountain in a central room are thought to be more content, satisfied, and carefree than those who do not have one.

Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece

Up until the Archaic Greeks created the first freestanding statuary, a remarkable achievement, carvings had chiefly been accomplished in walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, sculptures of adolescent, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the statues. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to portray beauty, had one foot extended out of a strict forward-facing pose and the male statues were regularly undressed, with a powerful, strong build. Around 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more polished forms of government and art, and gained more information about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. Similar to many other times of historical unrest, disputes were commonplace, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Machine

Unfortunately, Agrippa’s excellent design for lifting water was not cited a lot following 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it in public. It could be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, began delivering the Villa Medici, there was no longer very much use for the unit. Even though its success was passing, Camillo Agrippa’s layout for raising water was the marvel of its day, transcending everything created in Italy since the days of ancient Rome. It might defy the law of gravity to lift water to Renaissance gardens, nourishing them in a way other late sixteenth century concepts like scenographic water presentations, musical water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Origins Of Fountains

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the area. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow down or jet high into the air. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the designer responsible for building it. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by adding decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.


Builders of the First Water Fountains
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Ancient Greece: The Roots of Outdoor Statue Design
Nearly all sculptors were paid by the temples to accentuate the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods up until the period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of... read more
Attributes of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece
Up right up until the Archaic Greeks developed the first freestanding sculpture, a phenomenal achievement, carvings had chiefly been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of adolescent, handsome male or female (kore)... read more
Contemporary Garden Decoration: Fountains and their Roots
A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary ... read more
Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots
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