Where did Large Garden Fountains Come From?

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs nearby. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. su1028_1__89565.jpg Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events.

Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles

With the building of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. If residents living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing technologies of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Though they were initially designed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to get water from the channel, starting when he obtained the property in 1543.

Although the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it didn’t supply sufficient water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat under his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Fountains Became Known?

Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main means of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions all through Europe. An un-named French water feature developer was an internationally famed hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. By creating landscapes and grottoes with built-in and amazing water features, he began his occupation in Italy by receiving imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the closure of his life, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book that became the primary text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The publication updated key hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern day hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work showcased and these included a mechanized means to move water.

Two concealed vessels heated up by the sun's rays in a space adjacent to the decorative water feature were shown in an illustration. The end result: the water feature is activated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the pipelines. The book furthermore includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.

Keeping Your Outdoor Garden Fountain Tidy

To ensure that water fountains last a while, it is vital to practice regular maintenance. A common issue with fountains is that they tend to gather dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. On top of that, algae can be a challenge, as sunshine hitting the water permits it to form easily. Blend hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular problem. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is hazardous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should undergo a serious cleaning. Before cleaning, all of the water must be removed. Then use mild soap and a soft sponge to clean the innner part of the reservoir. Feel free to use a toothbrush if helpful for any smaller crevasses. Do not leave any soap residue inside of or on the fountain.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside carefully. To make it less strenuous, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. Build-up can be a big problem, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is low. Allowing the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

Build it and They Will Come: Water Features and Wildlife

Anyone who has bird feeders knows that outdoor water fountains bring in wildlife. All birds need a place to drink, bathe and preen. There are some birds, such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are drawn to fountains because of the moving water. While bowl-shaped bird baths can be dull to many birds, fountains are more inviting because of the moving water they produce. Birds can hear the trickling and splashing and are even more likely to come around.

As dog owners will concur these outdoor fountains are a great water source for the four-legged creatures. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for clean water. Also, regularly flowing water fountains require less maintenance than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

Pick a Wall Mounted Water Feature for your Home

Adding a wall mounted fountain to your home or backyard can be truly gratifying. Are you convinced you do not have the room for this kind of water element? Eliminate this impediment with a wall fountain. Some perfect areas to set one up are on any wall as well as on a post or fence. Once you figure out the best spot for your water feature, put in water and plug in the pump. Your indoor or outside space now has a functioning water fountain. Your wall fountain can be mounted in any number of places so be certain to carefully choose the best place for it. Envision the best spot to display it. Consider the many kinds of lighting which will illuminate your fountain, as this will affect its overall look.

The Origins of Contemporary Outdoor Wall Fountains

Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, reigned the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classical Greek documents into Latin. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the core of his objectives. Beginning in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent repair at the bidding of the Pope. Building a mostra, an imposing celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was once occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and constructed by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.


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