The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

2504_ag__46440.jpg Anglo-Saxons experienced extraordinary modifications to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on understanding offensive and defensive tactics. Tranquil pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is symbolized in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most unscathed example we have. The keep is rumored to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a hindrance to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Garden Fountains: The Numerous Styles From Which to Choose

If you want to chill out for a minute and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect spot. If you are going to spend a lot of time in yours, it is worth the work it takes to do it right. The value of your home will increase with a lovely garden area, as it will maximize the “curb appeal” of the property. Many people decide to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or including a water feature.

A significant improvement to your garden can be accomplished by installing a water fountain. Where you once had a plain area, you will now have an outdoor wonderland. The sounds of a water fountain make for a calming environment, not just for people but for the birds and other local wildlife that it will invite. All eyes will now be focussed on the dazzling fountain.

The Fascinating Beginnings of the Wall Water Fountain

Hundreds of classic Greek records were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. While the translations were undertaken, clean drinking water was delivered to the community from a distance of 8 miles via the ruined Acqua Vergine aqueduct, after its restoration began in 1453. He also brought back the tradition of using mostras to mark the endpoint point of an aqueduct with a beautiful, attractive fountain. Commissioning a celebrated architect was the next step, and Leon Alberti began to design and construct a wall fountain in the heart of Rome. Interestingly, the famous fountain of Trevi came about from the desire for Rome to become the spiritual capital of the known world, and was its first wall fountain.

The World’s Highest Fountains

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri.

It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water shoots 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working, even though it typically only reaches up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Jetting water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in 7th.

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Garden Fountains

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform properly. Leaves, twigs, and insects very often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such debris. Also, algae has a tendency to build up anywhere natural light meets water. To stay clear of this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add right into the water. Some people opt for adding bleach into the water, but the problem is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should go through a good cleaning. To start with you must remove the water. When you have done this, scour inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. If there are any little grooves, grab a toothbrush to get every spot. Be sure to completely rinse the interior of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside thoroughly. Letting it soak in vinegar for a couple of hours first will make it much easier to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain operating optimally. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you do not want that!

How Much Do Animals Enjoy Water Features

House pets may be dubious of a new water feature so make sure to take them into account before purchasing one. Your freestanding fountain may be seen as a big pool or a drinking pond by your pooch. Your treasured pets will probably take well to a water element in your yard. You should take into account the fact that birds might think they have found a new place to bathe when they see your fountain so think well where you put it. Installing a birdbath in your backyard is the perfect solution if you want to attract birds. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good option if you want to avoid such issues. These types of fountains are ideal for dental and medical offices, not to mention grand estates.

Factors to Keep in Mind When Picking a Fountain

It is important to think about how a water fountain will fit into your garden prior to buying one. The entryway to a hotel or building is an ideal place for them, as they offer a lovely welcome to guests.

If you want to put yours against a wall, there are fountains designed expressly for this purpose. If you look on the back, you will see a bar or some other piece to secure it against a wall, grate or fence. Bare in mind when you install your fountain that you must firmly fasten it to a wall to avoid having it fall over in high winds and getting damaged.

A typical place to add a garden sculpture is traditionally in areas where people come together to sit back and enjoy the scenery.


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Fountain Engineers Through History
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Historic Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains
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