The Dissemination of Fountain Design Knowledge

Spreading pragmatic hydraulic knowledge and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written papers and illustrated publications of the time. In the late 1500's, a French water feature architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally recognized hydraulics pioneer. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, developing expertise in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide that became the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was written by him toward the end of his life in France. y97016__18585.jpg Modernizing vital hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. An decorative water fountain with sunlight heating the liquid in two vessels concealed in an nearby room was shown in one illustration. The hot water expands and subsequently rises and shuts the pipes thereby activating the fountain. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature concepts are included in the publication.

Beautify Your Office Ambiance with a Garden Fountain

Entice more clients to your workplace by setting up a garden fountain. A nice one will make your office space feel comforting and welcoming. In contrast to the more familiar fountains found in people’s homes, garden fountains installed in corporate areas should leave a lasting impression as well as provide a warm, welcoming ambiance.

In order to drive corporate success, a company must constantly try to attract new customers and impress them right away. Create a little piece of nature in small outdoor areas by putting in appealing garden water fountains, beautiful trees and bushes, and other attractive landscaping. On the other hand, many office areas have lots of open space to go all out and create an alluring garden display. However, there are a lot of business spaces that must settle on much smaller areas.

It all boils down to the need to bring in new customers and make an immediate favorable impression. Having an eye-catching garden fountain at the entrance to your office who want to give your business a try.

Aspects of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece

The first freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable accomplishment since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and unclothed. The kouroi grew to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. During the Archaic period, a big time of change, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a deeper comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. Comparable to other periods of historical unrest, conflicts were commonplace, and there were struggles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Bernini’s First Italian Water Fountains

Bernini's earliest water fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art seen at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will find Roman locals and vacation goers occupying this space to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. One of the city’s most stylish meeting places are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would undoubtedly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII commissioned what was to be the very first fountain of the master's career. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a great ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. The great flooding of the Tevere that covered the whole region with water in the 16th was memorialized by this momentous fountain as recorded by documents dating back to this period. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's only prolonged voyage outside of Italy.

Water Features: The Minoan Society

A variety of sorts of conduits have been unveiled through archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. In combination with offering water, they distributed water which accumulated from storms or waste material. The majority were created from clay or rock. Whenever clay was utilized, it was usually for canals as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or spherical shapes. These consisted of cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits that were unique to the Minoans. Clay conduits were utilized to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters below the floor surfaces. These Minoan conduits were additionally made use of for collecting and storing water, not just distribution. Therefore, these pipelines had to be able to: Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s unseen nature may suggest that it was actually developed for some type of ritual or to circulate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes could furthermore have been chosen to carry water to fountains that were distinct from the city’s general system.

The Genesis Of Garden Fountains

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains created at the end of the 19th century served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Contemporary fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Guidelines for Installing a Wall Water Element

Enhance nearly any space with the addition of a wall fountain. A waterfall will bring a sense of relaxation with the comforting sounds of trickling water. While any room will benefit from a wall fountain, they are most often placed in foyers. Even though each model might have slight differences on how to mount it, the standard guidelines are the same for all. There are usually several pieces that need to be put together. First you should attach the base to the upper part, then connect the pump and the tubing. Be sure to review the instructions before starting to make sure it is done correctly. It is usually a straight-forward process. Keep in mind, though, that each design might require a slight adjustment. Have a friend hold the wall fountain in the desired spot, then mark the wall as necessary. The best way to make sure it is hung correctly is to use a level. It is advisable to mark both the bottom and the top positions. Your wall fountain can be hung in one of two ways. There are holes on the back which can be placed onto the screws you put on the wall. On the other hand, brackets can be secured to the wall. The bracket alternative is best, particularly for wall fountains that are big and heavy. Decide where the brackets will be and then mark the precise location on the wall. Drill pilot holes in the wall for your drywall anchors. Gently tap on the anchors with a hammer to embed them into the wall. Use a cordless drill or a screwdriver to install the brackets, making sure they are straight. It is now time to put your wall fountain onto the mounting brackets. Ensure that it is firmly installed and straight. If the position is right, it’s time to put in water. There should be enough water to cover the water pump. Plug the pump into the wall and observe the water begin to flow. Carefully put in more water until it comes within an inch of the top of the basin. Do not fill the basin all the way to the top or it will overflow whenever the pump is not on. The water level will rise because all of the circulating water will settle down at the base of the basin. The water will overflow and cause property damage if your wall fountain is too full.


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