The Earliest Recorded Public Water Fountains of the Historical Past

Towns and communities depended on working water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to push the water through valves or other outlets. a_545__33216.jpg Fountains throughout history have been designed as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and travelers alike. Simple in design, the first water fountains didn't look much like contemporary fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a rock basin carved that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Rock basins are thought to have been 1st used around 2000 BC. The very first civilizations that used fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. These ancient water fountains were created to be functional, frequently situated along aqueducts, streams and waterways to provide drinking water. Fountains with ornate decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., normally gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. The Romans had an elaborate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the countless fountains that were located throughout the city.

Why You Should Get A Pond Fountain

Most people think of the impressive masterpieces that decorate the front of public buildings when they think of fountains. They are more adaptable than people realize, however, and do not need a mansion or public place to appear at home. You might even find a spot in your own garden area for a beautiful pond fountain.

Two primary benefits can result from setting up one of your own. One is the sense of calm and loveliness that fountains create.

What better way to wind down than to listen to the trickle of water and enjoy its tranquility. Your spot will be even more elegant as well. In addition, your beautiful fountain will inspire your guests to gather around and take photos, making your get-togethers even more lively.

The other reason to add this type of water element is to keep the water in your pond heathier for your fish. Fish are a lot better off if their water is flowing around and getting oxygen, and a pond fountain will do both of those things. The better-oxygenated and constantly moving water will ensure your fish are alive for a long time. You will notice an improvement in your plants as well.

The Magificent First Masterpieces by Bernini

The Barcaccia, a stunning water fountain built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest water fountain. Roman residents and site seers who enjoy conversation as well as being the company of others still go to this spot. One of the city’s most stylish meeting spots are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII commissioned what was to be the earliest fountain of the master's career. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a great ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean. According to 16th century documents, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was memorialized by the eye-catching fountain. In what became his sole prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

Water Fountains: How they Can Enhance your Health

There are countless rewards to be gained from outdoor fountains including improved air quality as well as wonderful sounds and sights. They offer many health benefits and contribute to a lovely environment to entertain loved ones. Different people, however, discover that their fountain is special to them for many personal reasons. It might take you back to a special time or place you fondly remember. When you see it, you may flash back to a special someone you once knew. Or maybe you want to get one to remind you of someone you have lost. Whatever the case, it is something you will look fondly on for many years to come.

The Myriad Styles of Wall Fountains

If you want to create a place to relax and add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not take up much space. Conventional, antique, modern, or Asian are just a few of the designs you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. If you are looking for a unique design, a custom-made one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

There are two specific styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and free-standing. Mounted wall fountains are small and self-contained variations which can be placed on a wall. Wall fountains made of resin ( similar to stone) or fiberglass are typically lightweight so they can be easily hung. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is located on the ground with the flat side positioned against a wall. Water features such as these are typically manufactured of cast stone and have no weight limitations.

Custom-made fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. A skilled mason is required to install the water basin against the wall and properly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. The cohesive look provided by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape instead of an afterthought.

The Prevalence of Japanese Water Elements

A water feature is an important part of any Japanese garden. Since Japanese water fountains are seen as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simplistic because they are meant to call attention to the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains with built-in bamboo spouts are very popular. The water moves through the bamboo spout and collects in the stone basin below. In addition, it is essential to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they put plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Obviously, this fountain is something more than just a regular decoration.

An alternate possibility is to find a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the area, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Anyone who has an extensive spot to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Lots of people add a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to symbolize the water. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of moving water.

Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterwork

Michelangelo and Ammannati, two celebrated Florentine maestros, crafted the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. The earliest fountain Michelangelo created came in 1536 with the building of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to be part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. A conduit from the Aqua Felice was constructed later and it carried water to the Capitol making a more impressive water effect possible. Styled on the late Cinquecento, Michelangelo created a larger basin, anticipating the development of the conduit.

Did the creation of wall fountains begin with the famous sculptor? The fountain types seen in Italy undeniably show the influence of his designs. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further models of this type of structure.

Regrettably, Michelangelo was destined to put his own brilliance aside and combine classical elements into fountains based on Roman styles. An original wall fountain for the top of the corridor of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned to the famed sculptor by Julius III (1550-1555). A marble Moses hitting the rock from which water flowed was to adorn the fountain. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this plan was denied because it would take a lot of time to build and a traditional statue of Cleopatra was used instead.

A design by the well-known artist was thought to be too time-consuming, therefore, an ancient figure placed above the fountain seemed to be a better alternative.


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