The Earliest Documented Outdoor Public Fountains of Human History

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to bring water from rivers or creeks to cities and villages, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby hills. Fountains throughout history have been created as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike. ft_199__26391.jpg The contemporary fountains of today bear little likeness to the first water fountains. A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. Natural stone basins are believed to have been first made use of around 2000 BC. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to manipulate the movement of water through the fountain. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public monuments, as striking as they are practical. The Romans began constructing decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. Water for the open fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

The Original Water Feature Creative Designers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a ingenious intellect, inventor and scientific expert. With his immense fascination regarding the forces of nature, he researched the properties and movement of water and carefully recorded his examinations in his now much celebrated notebooks. Modifying private villa settings into imaginative water showcases packed of symbolic meaning and natural wonder, early Italian water fountain engineers combined curiosity with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. For the assorted estates in the vicinity of Florence, other water feature engineers were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water features and water jokes.

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains

The Barcaccia, a beautiful fountain built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest fountain. This area is still filled with Roman locals and visitors who like to exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. One of the city’s most stylish meeting places are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would undoubtedly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the earliest fountain of the artist's career. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a commanding ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. According to 16th century reports, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was commemorated by the tremendous fountain. In 1665 Bernini journeyed to France, in what was to be his only prolonged absence from Italy.

Fountains for Felines

Is your cat enticed by the sounds of running water in the sink? Does he reach into the toilet or feel the water in his bowl before putting his face in it? Cats do not like to have water that is not running, and this behavior shows this. As a matter of fact, they do not have a strong natural tendency to hydrate.

In the wild, cats consume meat full of moisture which keeps them sufficiently hydrated. For this reason, cats do not have a natural craving for much water. Pet cats, however, rely on you for their water, as they do not get the essential hydration from their meals. With a cat fountain, you know your cat has plenty of water around.

If you install one, you can rest easy knowing your pet has convenient access to water. You can choose one you know your cat will like since they come in so many distinctive versions. One kind of fountain has continually moving water for maximum freshness whereas others have water which is automatically refilled when the bowl is empty.

Agrippa’s Intriguing Water-lifting Gadget

Although the device developed by Agrippa for raising water gained the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to fade not very long after. It might have come to be outdated when the Villa Medici was set to receive water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary conduit, in 1592. This becomes all the more heartbreaking given how amazing Camillo Agrippa’s device was, entirely distinctive in Italy during the hundreds of years which passed between the downfall of ancient Rome and the modern day period. It could violate the law of gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, providing them in a way other late sixteenth century concepts like scenographic water presentations, melodious fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Exterior Fountains Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes

Make your dream a reality by creating an haven of tranquility in your garden. Integrating a fountain into your yard provides tranquility as well as a variety of beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a dazzling impression. If your pond is sufficiently big, it can be incorporated without hassle.

These types of fountains are often found in parks or historical stately homes.

Wall fountains are an great illustration of outdoor wall features. Even with a smallish yard, it is feasible to add one of these water features. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated type of water feature. In a very straightforward procedure, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Putting in a fountain with a motif depends completely on the layout of your garden. In a rustic themed bungalow or garden, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Something special and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Let your mind run free to decide on the best option.

Water spills down several levels in a tiered fountain. Due to the water streaming down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

A considerable amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Fit in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight below ground.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a feeling of tranquility and well-being. Bamboo sticks function as the piping from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The repetition of water pouring into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this sort of fountain.

Glass fountains make up an additional category of fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional feel. Gardens with a lot of sharp edges as well as modern shapes and designs are better for these types of water features. As the water moves over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. LED lights are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an appealing façade as the water softly flows downwards.

Bubbling rock fountains are large stones drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the center. The bubbling and gurgling at the topmost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water returns as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. Gardens with little space are good spots to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming increasingly trendy. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the favorable effects they have on our environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in countless varying styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.

The Benefits of a Water Fountain in your Workplace

Most customers value water fountains. If you have a business or store, having a water fountain will likely bring in more clientele and differentiate you from the competition. Such businesses as yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, and salons can financially profit from placing a water feature nearby. A water fountain will provide the perfect ambiance to a business where people like to gather and relax. Couples out on a romantic date will definitely appreciate a memorable fountain in any bar or restaurant.


Chatsworth Gardens and the "Revelation" Garden Fountain
Angela Conner, the reputable British sculptor, designed “Revelation,” the latest addition to the decorative outdoor fountains of Chatsworth. In celebration of the Queen’s 80th... read more
Did You Know How Technical Designs of Fountains Became Known?
Spreading practical hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French fountain developer came to be an internationally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the... read more
The Godfather Of Roman Garden Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized water fountains. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceptualized and constructed almost all of... read more
Original Water Supply Solutions in Rome
Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, inhabitants residing at higher elevations had to rely on local streams for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns... read more
Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems
With the building of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. ... read more
Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting System
Though the mechanism created by Agrippa for raising water attained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to disappear not very long thereafter. It could be that in 1592... read more