Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to depend on natural creeks for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Starting in the sixteenth century, a brand new method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to generate water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was initially developed. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it simpler and easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. 341_floral__18431.jpg Although the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it couldn't produce enough water. To provide himself with a much more useful system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened up, giving him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Fountains for Felines

Is your cat attracted to the noise of running water in the sink? Does he check the water in his bowl with his foot or drink toilet water? Although these actions might seem strange, in fact they are common because cats shy away from water that is not moving. Generally, they do not drink standing water.

Undomesticated cats get enough moisture from the meat they ingest. Consequently, felines never developed the instinct to drink water.

Owner's of a pet cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get enough water because it is an important part of their overall health. Make water easily accessible to your cat by installing a cat fountain.

Having one will ensure your cat has plenty of water available whenever it wants to drink. You can pick one you know your cat will like since they come in so many distinctive versions. Some fountains are essentially a bowl which refills automatically while others provide fresher water due to their continuous flow.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes

Turn your garden into what you have always wished for – an oasis of serenity. Add a feeling of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and profit from all the positive benefits of a water feature.

A dramatic impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air. If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without difficulty. You can find these in community recreational areas or old mansions.

Outdoor water features come in different shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. Such fountains make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains are not flashy water features as compared to a spouting fountain.

It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Putting in a fountain with a motif depends completely on the layout of your garden. In a rustic themed bungalow or garden, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. On the other hand, a more contemporary yard can include more of a bold design. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something interesting and audacious.

Water streams down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Cascading fountains is another name used to identify this type of fountain because water moves down multiple levels.

A significant amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Put in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

If you seek a feeling of peacefulness and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are thought to bring about such sensations. In this model of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, feature molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Water features such as these are best suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern forms and designs. The flowing water forms a striking effect as it moves down the glass sheets. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. With water softly flowing down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a possible option for your garden.

The attribute which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. The bubbling and gurgling at the topmost part of this type of fountain are caused by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Downward flowing water appears as gentle dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. This type of fountain is perfectly suitable for small gardens. Water is moved at low pressure in this kind of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the positive effects they have on our environment. It is not necessary to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of designs found on the market.

The Magnificent Notes of Musical Fountains

The three-dimensional images produced by musical fountains, or dancing fountains, is a kind of animated, beautifully designed fountain used for entertainment reasons. Using timed sound waves and illumination, as well as lasers, against water particles produces this image. In order to make the three-dimensional imagery, the water needs to refract and reflect the light.

Running into the millions of dollars, such large installations require hundreds of water jets and lights. Musical features can be quite complicated and require a certain degree of mechanical, hydraulic, electrical, and electronic elements that just may be more impressive to the audience than the actual show!

The jaw-dropping musical fountain in Dubai is without a doubt the largest such project in the world. Famous for the design of the fountain at the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas, WET Design of California designed it on the 30-acre man-made Burj Khalifa Lake. This fantastic feature makes use of 6,600 lights, 25 colored projectors, as well as fire an fog. It measures 275 m (902 ft) in length and jets water 150 m (490 ft) into the sky - which is comparable to a 50-story building - and is accompanied by various styles of music from classical to contemporary Arabic to world music. The final cost here was approximately 218 million US dollars. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum officially opened the fountain, as well as the Dubai Mall,on May 8, 2009. Located in front of the Burj Khalifa, this fountain is best seen from the Souk Al Bahar or the Dubai Mall.

Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are known as kouros figures. The kouroi, viewed as by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot stretched out of a strict forward-facing pose and the male figurines were always nude, with a powerful, strong build. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. During the Archaic time, a big time of changes, the Greeks were developing new forms of government, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. The Arcadian battles, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are good examples of the kinds of clashes that occurred frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.

The Use of Outdoor Garden Fountains As Water Elements

A water feature is one which is a big element through which water runs. There is a broad array of such features ranging something as simple as a suspended wall fountain or as intricate as a courtyard tiered fountain. These products are so multipurpose that they can be situated outside or indoors. Water elements include ponds and pools as well.

Garden wall fountains are worthwhile additions to your living spaces such as backyards, yoga studios, cozy patios, apartment balconies, or office complexes. You can chill out to the softly flowing water in your fountain and enchant your senses of sight and sound. Their visibly pleasing form contributes to the embellishment of any space as well. The sound of water provides serenity, covers up unwelcome noises and also produces an entertaining water show.

Identifying the Ideal Material for your Wall Water Fountain

There is a variety of materials available from which your wall mounted fountain ab be made. When you are looking for a durable, lightweight, waterproof material, fiberglass is your best choice. Additionally, this sort of fountain can be easily shipped and does not require the use of a big truck to deliver it.

Stone, clay, wood, and a range of different metals, including copper, are utilized to construct them, although most indoor ones are made of metal. Copper has become a much sought-after raw material which has triggered a rise in price, but this material is still the best option for your fountain. Cast stone is the best material to craft the ideal wall fountain in a style resembling the traditional Mediterranean look found in Italy, Spain, and France. Placing these molded, cast stone concrete features on the ground against a wall is possible because they are durable and suitable for this kind of use. Available in numerous hues, they are commonly made in the USA due to the high price of shipping.


When and Where Did Water Features Emerge?
Hundreds of classic Greek texts were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. He undertook the beautification of Rome to turn it into the worthy ... read more
The Multiple Styles of Wall Fountains
Putting a wall fountain in your yard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. Moreover, it can be made to fit into any wall space since it does not need much room. Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will need a spout, a water bowl, internal... read more
The Understated Charm of the Garden Wall Fountain
A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or workplace, enough so that it leaves a good impression on your family and friends alike. The dazzling... read more
The Beauty of Wall Mounted Water Features
A wall mounted feature may be the ideal addition to your residence or garden. Are you convinced you do not have the space for this kind of water element? The right solution is with a wall fountain. ... read more
Get Lost in the Sounds of Musical Fountains
The multidimensional images produced by musical fountains, or dancing fountains, is a kind of animated, beautifully designed fountain used for entertainment reasons. The resulting effect of timed sound waves and timed light -... read more