Inventors of the First Water Features

Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. s-342__17537.jpg Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as an inspired master, inventor and scientific master. He methodically annotated his findings in his now famed notebooks about his research into the forces of nature and the properties and mobility of water. Brilliant water exhibits complete of symbolic significance and natural wonder changed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain creators fused resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening abilities. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. For the many mansions near Florence, other fountain engineers were well versed in humanist subject areas as well as ancient technical texts, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

Explore the World’s Tallest Fountains

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the leading continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of propelling water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Various Designs in Garden Fountains

A garden can be a little oasis, providing you a tranquil place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. If you are going to spend a lot of time in yours, it is worth the effort it takes to do it properly. Both the “curb appeal” and the value of your real estate will be driven up when you set up an eye-catching garden. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; consider adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some eye-catching statues.

A water fountain can dramatically change the aesthetics of a garden. A place of tranquility and serenity will appear from what was originally just a plain spot. You are not the only one who will love the serenity the sounds of the water create; you might also notice an increase in the number of birds and other friendly creatures visiting. All attention will now be focussed on the dazzling fountain.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

The Main Characteristics of Ancient Greek Sculpture

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks provided the first freestanding sculpture, a noteworthy achievement, carvings had primarily been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. Youthful, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were created to look rigid and always had foot in front; the males were vigorous, powerful, and nude. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A significant period of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about newer forms of government, expressions of artwork, and a higher appreciation of people and customs outside of Greece. The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the types of battles that arose frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

The History of Outdoor Water Fountains

The translation of hundreds of classic Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. He undertook the beautification of Rome to turn it into the model capital of the Christian world. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ruined aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was renovated starting in 1453. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was resurrected by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to construct a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

What Are Large Outdoor Fountains Made From?

Garden fountains these days are commonly made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too. Metals tend to yield clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any design theme or budget. Your landscape should complement the style of your home.

Today, many people favor copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be put inside or outside - making it a great choice. Copper fountains also come in a vast array of styles - from fun and eccentric to modern and cutting-edge.

If you are drawn to more classic-looking water fountains, brass is probably what you want. Although it is not the most modern, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are commonly made of brass, thus making them very popular.

Most people today see stainless steel as the most modern choice. For an immediate increase in the value and peacefulness of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. As with most fountains, they are available in many sizes.

Fiberglass fountains are well liked because they look similar to metal but are more affordable and much less difficult to move around. Keeping a fiberglass water fountain clean and working well is quite simple, another aspect consumers love.


"Old School" Water Fountain Designers
Frequently working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance... read more
Outdoor Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Tranquility
Simply having water in your garden can have a considerable effect on your well-being. The noise in your neighborhood and surrounding area will be concealed... read more
Outdoor Fountains for Compact Spots
Since water makes a reflection, small spaces will appear bigger. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective characteristics stemming from dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use underwater lights in a variety of colors... read more
Garden Water Fountains As Water Features
The movement of water winding in or through a large feature is what defines of a water feature. A simple suspended fountain or an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain... read more
The Broad Array of Wall Fountains
A small patio or a courtyard is a great place to situate your wall fountain when you seek out peace and quiet. You can also make use of a small area by having one custom-built. ... read more
The Broad Array of Wall Water Fountains
A small patio or a courtyard is a great place to put your wall fountain when you seek peace and quiet. You can also make use of a small area by having one customized. A spout, a... read more