The First Documented Outdoor Garden Fountains of Human History

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to convey water from rivers or springs to cities and hamlets, providing the residents with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. To produce water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. The splendor and wonder of fountains make them perfect for traditional monuments. If you saw the 1st fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. 115120-11203__03568.jpg Rock basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the energy source that controlled the oldest water fountains. Situated near aqueducts or springs, the functional public water fountains supplied the local populace with fresh drinking water. The Romans began creating ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the spectacular public fountains, many of which you can go see today.

The Source of Modern Outdoor Fountains

Hundreds of classic Greek documents were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. He undertook the embellishment of Rome to make it into the worthy seat of the Christian world. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was reconditioned starting in 1453. Building a mostra, a grandiose commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was directed by the Pope to build a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain.

Modifications and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

What Are Wall fountains Created From?

Though they come in different materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metallic versions offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and will fit in with nearly any decorative style and budget. Your landscaping should complement the style of your residence.

A prevalent choice today is copper, and it is used in the crafting of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as many other styles, making it versatile enough for inside and outside fountains. Another benefit of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide variety of styles.

Also popular, brass fountains typically have a more old-fashioned style to them versus their copper counterpart. Although it is not the most modern, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are commonly made of brass, thus making them very popular.

Arguably the most cutting-edge of all metals is stainless steel. For an instantaneous increase in the value and comfort of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Like all water fountains, you can buy them in just about any size you prefer.

Because it is both lighter and cheaper than metal but has a comparable look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is fairly easy, another benefit that consumers seek.

Enjoy Yourself in a Splash Fountain

Splash fountains, often referred to as bathing fountains, are there for people to cool off on particularly hotsummer days. Because of this, they are also known as interactive fountains. Providing easy entry, these fountains also include nonslip surfaces and no standing water to prevent drowning risks or the need for lifeguards or supervision. These ”spraygardens”, or "splash pads", are mostly found in public swimming pools, public parks and public play areas. Splash fountains like the one found in Dundas Square in Toronto, Canada, absorb the solar energy from the uniquely made dark granite slabs. Six hundred ground spigots arranged in groups of 30 - (3 rows of 10 nozzles) - are featured in this fountain. Groupings of thirty nozzles are placed directly beneath a stainless-steel grille. Twenty of these grilles are placed in 2 rows of 10 in the center of the central walkway through Dundas Square.

What You Need to Have for a Garden Water Fountain

When considering where to install your garden fountain, do not overlook the fact that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. Sometimes new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget critical details. Since standard power cords are only 12 feet in length, you might need to attach an extension cord to reach the nearest 120v outlet. A convenient place to get water is essential since you will need to fill your fountain. Water is hard to move manually from place to place. A nearby garden hose is useful when time comes to fill the fountain. A water fountain autofill is an even better option, but will call for the help of an expert who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.

Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents residing at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at higher elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to provide water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Even though they were initially planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to get water from the channel, opening when he obtained the property in 1543. The cistern he had made to collect rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water needs. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his residence.

Choose from all Kinds of Outdoor Fountains

Make your dream a reality by creating an oasis of tranquility in your garden. The comforting feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much difficulty. Esplanades and historical stately homes often have one these fountains.

Pick a stylish wall fountain to put outdoors. These types of water features make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains leave a subtle impression, contrary to the big impact produced by spouting fountains. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, streams down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pushed back to the top.

Themed fountains are perfect when the design of your garden allows for them. In a rustic themed cottage or garden, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. On the other hand, a more contemporary yard can include more of a bold design. Choosing what to do is completely in your hands.

The primary quality of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a number of different levels. Due to the water running down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

A considerable amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. In this type of water feature the water passes through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

Glass fountains make up a different group of fountain. Providing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this kind are a perfect option for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and design. A magnificent effect is created when water runs down the sheets of glass. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass sheets. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an interesting façade as the water softly trickles downwards.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the middle with tubes. Low pressure is employed to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. The water comes back gently trickling down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. Gardens with little space are good areas to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar driven fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. The varied designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.


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