The Dissemination of Fountain Design Technology

Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main means of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. An internationally renowned pioneer in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French water fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. By developing landscapes and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water attributes, he started off his occupation in Italy by earning imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide that turned into the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was authored by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. pd-65__37662.jpg Detailing contemporary hydraulic systems, the book also updated key hydraulic breakthroughs of classical antiquity. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical method of transferring water. An beautiful fountain with the sun heating up the liquid in two containers concealed in an nearby room was displayed in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is activated by the heated water expanding and ascending up the pipes. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond styles are documented in the publication.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often designed upon windy summits, castles were basic structures that allowed their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is symbolized in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most untouched sample we have.

It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. As a technique of deterring assailants from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Bernini: The Master of Italy's Most Impressive Fountains

The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, this area is filled with Roman locals and tourists alike who enjoy conversation and each other's company. The streets surrounding his fountain have come to be one of the city’s most stylish meeting places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself. In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini launch his career with the construction of his very first water fountain. The fountain’s central theme is based on an a massive ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. Period reports dating back to the 16th century indicate that the fountain was built as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In what became his sole prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

Water Fountains and Your Pets

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a natural way to draw in wildlife and pets. Drinking, washing, and preening are some of the things birds need to do. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are normally attracted to the active water of fountains. Birds are usually drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Birds are highly attracted to the trickling and splashing music produced.

Dogs love fountains because they provide another place to drink fresh water. During the hot summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for fresh water. Constantly moving water is also going to require much less cleaning than a still bowl of water from a birdbath, which collects debris.

Fountains for Cats

Is your feline drawn to the sounds of running water in the sink? Do you find him gulping toilet water or waiting before drinking water from his own dish? Cats do not like to consume water that is not moving, and this act shows this. In most instances, they will not look for much water to drink.

In the wild, cats tend to eat moisture-rich meat, which means they do not need to regularly seek out water. Consequently, felines never developed the instinct to drink water. Pet cats, however, count on you for their water, as they do not get the enough hydration from their foods. Make water easily accessible to your cat by installing a cat fountain.

Limitless clean water will continually be available to your pet if you install one. Fountains come in numerous shapes and sizes, so be certain to select one that best fits the needs of your cat. Some fountains are basically a basin which refills automatically while others offer fresher water due to their continuous flow.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

An Overview of Containers Gardening & Herbaceous Plants. They're amazingly easy to grow both indoors or outdoors, and provide instant gratification as you can incorporate them in a variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. Maintaining your herb garden all year is simple to do as you can place the herbs in pots and move them in when the weather starts to turn cold. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your back garden, you are making a good choice because they do not die easily or need replanting after every year goes by. Consider the sorts of flavors you prefer cooking with (and eating)when choosing herbs for your garden. Consider the cuisine you prefer when picking out which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to grow basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, choose cilantro. It is essential to figure out where your herbs will be planted in order to decide which herbs will thrive. To make the job easier, plant directly in the ground if you live in a mild climate with no severe winters or summers It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless way to go because you do not need to build or buy planters. There is practically nothing you can do to get away from harsh weather conditions that might hurt your plants. However, there is hope because planters can be transferred indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and practical for your herbs.

Do Pets Like Water Fountains?

House pets may be dubious of a new water feature so be certain to take them into consideration before getting one. Your freestanding fountain may be seen as a big pool or a drinking pond by your pooch. Integrating a water element to your yard is a great idea, one which is certain to benefit your pets. Think about the ideal place to put your fountain if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. Install a birdbath if your objective is to draw birds to your yard. To prevent this, however, installing a wall water fountain inside your house is a great alternative. These sorts of fountains are ideal for dental and medical practices, not to mention grand estates.


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