Rome, Gian Bernini, And Outdoor Water Fountains

There are countless famed Roman water features in its city center. Nearly all of them were planned, designed and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his life's work are apparent all through the avenues of Rome simply because, in addition to his capabilities as a water fountain creator, he was additionally a city architect. Ultimately travelling to Rome to completely express their artwork, primarily in the shape of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The juvenile Bernini was an exceptional employee and won compliments and backing of significant painters as well as popes. s-334__97567.jpg Initially he was well known for his sculpting skills. Most famously in the Vatican, he made use of a base of expertise in classic Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

Honor a Special Person with a Garden Water Feature

Garden fountains make ideal and distinctive commemorative pieces. Age-old traditions are frequently met with resistance nowadays. Nevertheless, it is still common to memorialize the departed. A lot of people include intimate personal items on a memorial to remind them of their loved one. There are countless ways to commemorate someone lost and many people choose a backyard garden fountain to this end. There are lots of ways to customize your garden fountain in your loved one’s memory such as planting flowers adding photos, attaching a plaque, or gathering for memorial services around the fountain.

Honoring those who have passed is simple with a garden fountain. The flowing of water through the fountain symbolizes the luck and affluence of your loved one and can also make part of the recognition of their life. Whatever sort of garden fountain you choose as a memorial, make sure it is durable, high quality, and able to withstand any type of weather.

You will want to be certain that your memorial will last many years once in place.

Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were massive stone structures built in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on learning offensive and defensive practices. The serene method of gardening was unlikely in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most complete model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A monumental terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or shoot high into the air. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements.

Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Where are the World’s highest Fountains?

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. Regarded as the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can reach up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it normally only reaches up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Get Lost in the Movement of Musical Fountains

Musical fountains, often referred to as dancing fountains, are animated, aestheticallypleasing fountains used for recreational purposes. Timed light, including lasers, and sound waves which hit water molecules, produces stunning displays. The water must be refracted and reflected to generate the breathtaking three-dimensional images.

The price tag on large scale installations, which utilize hundreds of water jets and lights, runs into the millions of dollars. Building a musical feature, which is made up of mechanical, hydraulic, and electrical elements, which are not visible, can be so elaborate that it just might be as breathtaking as the show itself.

The fountain in Dubai is the largest musical project worldwide. Spanning the 30-acre manmade Burj Khalifa Lake, it was the brainchild of California-based company WET Design, who became known for their striking fountain design at the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas. This fountain requires an incredible 6,600 lights, 25 colored projectors, fog and fire. Incredibly, it measures 207-meters (902 feet) and jets water 150 meters (490 feet) high - this is comparable to a 50-story building- and plays an array of music including classical to modern Arabic and world music. The final cost was exceptional - an estimated 218 million US dollars. The Dubai Mall and the water fountain were formally launched on May 8, 2009 by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Located in front of the Burj Khalifa, this fountain is best seen from the Souk Al Bahar or the Dubai Mall.

The Newest Addition to the Chatsworth Gardens: "Revelation"

Created by well-known English sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the newest addition to the Chatsworth decorative exterior water features. She was delegated by the deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to produce a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s most venerable ponds, had “Revelation” placed in 1999. Alternatively concealing and displaying a golden globe at the sculpture’s center, the metallic fountain takes on the shape of four large flower petals which open and close with the movement of water. A gold dust painted metal globe was manufactured and incorporated to the prominent sculpture standing five meters in height and five meters wide. This newest water fountain is an intriguing and innovative addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the movement of the petals is entirely powered by water.


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