Historic Crete & The Minoans: Fountains

ft_125__27871.jpg Various sorts of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. They not only aided with the water supplies, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. The chief materials used were stone or terracotta. Whenever manufactured from terracotta, they were generally in the shape of canals and spherical or rectangle-shaped pipes. Amidst these were terracotta piping that were U shaped or a shortened, cone-like form which have just showed up in Minoan civilization. The water supply at Knossos Palace was managed with a system of terracotta piping which was located under the floor, at depths ranging from a few centimeters to many meters. These Minoan conduits were also made use of for collecting and stocking water, not just circulation. Hence, these pipelines had to be effective to: Underground Water Transportation: Originally this particular system seems to have been created not quite for ease but to provide water to specific individuals or rituals without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes could also have been used to haul water to fountains which were separate from the city’s general process.

What is a Splash Fountain?

People are captivated by splashing fountains, otherwise known as bathing fountains, because they are the ideal place to cool off on hot summer days. Due to this, they are commonly referred to as interactive fountains. Providing easy entry, these fountains also include nonslip surfaces and no standing water to eliminate drowning risks or the need for lifeguards or supervision. These splash pads - known as "spraygrounds" - are commonly found in public pools, public parks, or public playgrounds. The solar powered water feature in Dundas Square in Toronto, Canada is just one example of these splash fountains which use the energy absorbed by unique dark-colored granite slabs.

This impressive fountain features 30 groups of 3 rows of 10 spigots for a total of 600 ground nozzles. Each grouping of the 30 nozzles is found below a stainless-steel grille. Twenty of these grilles are placed in 2 rows of 10 in the center of the main walkway through Dundas Square.

Where did Fountains Begin?

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise.

King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by adding decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

How Your Home or Workplace Profit from an Indoor Wall Water Feature

Decorate and modernize your living space by adding an indoor wall fountain in your house. Your home or workspace can become noise-free, hassle-free and peaceful areas for your family, friends, and clients when you have one of these fountains. Moreover, this sort of interior wall water feature will most likely gain the admiration of your workforce as well as your clientele. An interior water feature is certain to delight all those who see it while also impressing your loudest naysayers.

You can relish in the peace and quiet after a long day at work and relax watching your favorite show while relaxing under your wall fountain. All those near an indoor fountain will benefit from it because its sounds emit negative ions, remove dust and pollen from the air, and also lend to a calming environment.

Michelangelo’s Roman Water Fountains

The 16th century saw the construction of the earliest Roman wall fountains, the works of two famed Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. The earliest fountain Michelangelo made came in 1536 with the building of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to be part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. Built some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which brought water into the Capitol permitting a greater water display. Anticipating this, Michelangelo had added a more substantial basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

The question remains as to whether the celebrated sculptor was the first to design wall fountains. His designs undoubtedly affected the design of fountain which predominates throughout Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further examples of this type of structure.

Sadly, Michelangelo was destined to put his own brilliance aside and combine conventional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. The Florentine master was commissioned by Julius III (1550-1555) to design a one-of-a-kind fountain to be placed at the top of the passage of the Belvedere in the Vatican. A marble sculpture of Moses striking a stone streaming water was to be built as embellishment for the fountain. The option of the Moses figure was dismissed, however, because of the time it would take to build it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. An ancient figure was thought to be easier to erect over the fountain than the creation of a completely new statue by the famed artist.

Pick from all Types of Exterior Fountains

Have you ever contemplated converting your garden into an oasis of serenity? Add a feeling of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and profit from all the positive effects of a water feature.

The beauty of a spouting fountain can be seen when it sends a stream of shooting water into the air. It is feasible to have one of these installed into an existing, ample pond. These sorts of fountains are often found in parks or historical stately homes.

Wall fountains are an perfect example of outdoor wall features. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are concerned because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of a subtle type of water feature. It is straightforward process wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Installing a fountain with a motif depends totally on the style of your garden. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Consider including something bolder and distinctive for a contemporary garden. Let your creativity run free to select the best option.

The primary trait of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a number of different levels. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the primary attribute of a cascading fountain.

A substantial amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Put in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight underground.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a sense of tranquility and wellness. Bamboo sticks act as the piping from which water flows in these kinds of water features. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

Another style of fountain is made of glass. Creating a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. However, this style of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as contemporary forms and design. A magnificent effect is produced when water runs down the sheets of glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly cascading down its façade.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the middle with tubes. Low pressure is used to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Water then streams as a slow trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Gardens with little space are good places to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by the sun. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad varying styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.

Creators of the First Fountains

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired genius, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance master. With his astounding curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he researched the properties and motion of water and also methodically recorded his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks. Modifying private villa settings into innovative water displays full with symbolic interpretation and natural wonder, early Italian water fountain creators coupled creativity with hydraulic and gardening knowledge. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water antics for the various properties near Florence, some other water fountain designers were well versed in humanist themes and ancient scientific texts.


A Solar Garden Fountain
Are you seeking that perfect piece to enhance your home? Well, you can add that special touch and increase the price of your home just by adding a solar water fountain. Solar powered water features can be a wiser investment versus electric ones... read more
Select a Wall Mounted Fountain for your Home
Adding a wall mounted fountain to your home or backyard can be truly fulfilling. Are you convinced you do not have the room for this kind of water element? Overcome this impediment with a wall fountain. Some ideal ... read more
Wall Mounted Water Elements: A Distinctive Touch to your Home
Your home or garden are perfect places for a wall mounted fountain. Are you convinced you do not have the room for this kind of water element? A wall fountain can fix this... read more
Musical Fountains and Their Beautiful Sounds
The three-dimensional images produced by musical fountains, or dancing fountains, is a kind of animated, attractively designed fountain used for... read more
Garden of Chatsworth: The Cascade Water Fountain
The Cascade garden fountain creates a amazing garden decoration at the back of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps stretch down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the residence. Completely gravity fed, the... read more