Creators of the First Water Fountains

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific specialist. He methodically registered his findings in his now celebrated notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the attributes and movement of water. 6117-1901__69392.jpg Innovative water displays packed of symbolic meaning and all-natural charm transformed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain creators combined imagination with hydraulic and gardening skill. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist subject areas as well as ancient scientific texts, other water feature makers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water functions and water pranks for the countless mansions near Florence.

Short History of Fountains

If you study any civilization or location through history, they have all built outdoor fountains, which supplied water for the residents and often became part of the local lore. Well before we had sinks and faucets in our houses to give us water, people relied on these fountains when they needed water for drinking, cooking, or cleaning. Townspeople are also driven to the fountains for their complicated designs and coursing water, gathering there to take part in prayer or even to make wishes. When the town is under military encirclement, they could turn to the water fountains and during religious rituals, the devoted could symbolically use the water to detoxify their bodies and souls. Water fountains also serve as an location to gather for talking and socializing, as seen in Delphi at the Castalia temple.

The Brilliance of Michelangelo’s Roman Wall Fountains

During the 16th century two celebrated Florentine artists by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati built the first wall fountains in Rome. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was displayed. Some years later, a more extravagant water show was made viable with the extension of the Aqua Felice into the Capitol. Anticipating this, Michelangelo had added a more substantial basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

Was the well-known sculptor the earliest to create wall fountains? His designs undoubtedly inspired the design of fountain which dominates throughout Italy. Additional examples of this sort of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is found between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Michelangelo’s great talent was put aside because he was compelled to design fountains uniting classical elements and a Roman style. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain constructed at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and commissioned the Florentine genius to design a one-of-a-kind wall fountain. A marble statue of Moses striking a stone streaming water was to be built as embellishment for the fountain. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this plan was denied because it would take a lot of time to build and a classical statue of Cleopatra was used instead.

An ancient figure was thought to be quicker to erect over the fountain than the creation of a completely new statue by the famed artist.

The Fascinating Beginnings of the Water Wall Fountain

As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to commission translations of important invaluable texts from Greek to Latin. While the translations were completed, fresh water was supplied to the city from a distance of 8 miles via the damaged Acqua Vergine aqueduct, after its reconstruction commenced in 1453. At the same time, he revived the convention of installing commemorative fountains, called "mostras", to mark the terminal point of an aqueduct. The Trevi Fountain, originally designed as a simple wall fountain, would come about thanks to the work of prominent architect Leon Battista Alberta's commission to build a wall fountain. Thus, the world's first known wall fountain arose from the Pope's ambition to make the City of Rome Christianity's capital and revitalize the city's water supply.

Musical Fountains: Rhythms and Tones

A musical or dancing fountain, creates an aesthetic design with three-dimensional images, and is a type of animated fountain used to entertain audiences. The resulting effect of timed sound waves and timed light - including lasers- hitting against water particles creates an amazing show. The water must be refracted and reflected to create the spectacular three-dimensional images.

Such large-scale installations, use hundreds of water jets and lights, and can cost into the millions of dollars. Such a massive musical feature is very complex to build because of all the mechanical, hydraulic, and electrical elements required to create the amazing effects - and could be considered more stunning than the actual show.

The musical water fountain project in Dubai is considered the largest in the world. WET Design of California, who gained fame by designing the fountain of the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas, developed it on the 30-acre man-made Burj Khalifa Lake. This fountain requires an incredible 6,600 lights, 25 colored projectors, fog and fire. It measures 275 m (902 ft) in length and jets water 150 m (490 ft) into the sky - which is comparable to a 50-story building - and is accompanied by various styles of music from classical to contemporary Arabic to world music. The end cost was estimated at 218 million dollars. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum officially opened the fountain, as well as the Dubai Mall,on May 8, 2009. The best view of the fountain, located in front of the Burj Khalifa, is from the Souk Al Bahar or the Dubai Mall.

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Troubles

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started out supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up until then. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing techniques of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran below ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were provided to make it less difficult to protect the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t supply sufficient water. Via an opening to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was set to reach his water demands.

The Beauty of Wall Mounted Water Features

Adding a wall mounted fountain to your home or garden can be really fulfilling. Are you sure you do not have the space for this kind of water element? Overcome this obstacle with a wall fountain. You can mount one anywhere such as any wall, post, or fence. When you have decided on the perfect spot to put your water feature, fill it with water and connect the fountain’s pump electrical cord. Your functioning water fountain is now ready for indoor or outside use. Your wall fountain can be installed in any number of places so be certain to carefully pick the best place for it. You want to envision the ideal spot for your fountain before mounting it. Consider how your fountain will look in a variety of lights, such as in daylight, evening light and any other light you will be using, because this will influence what your fountain looks like.


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