Where did Large Garden Fountains Begin?

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. 8930-2504__60203.jpg Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to beautify their fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

A Short History of Early Outdoor Public Fountains

As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century.

Fountains all through history have been designed as memorials, impressing local citizens and visitors alike. If you saw the earliest fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. The very first accepted water fountain was a rock basin carved that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Stone basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2,000 B.C.. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the movement of water through the fountain. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public statues, as striking as they are practical. Fountains with ornate decoration began to appear in Rome in approximately 6 BC, commonly gods and animals, made with stone or copper-base alloy. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Cascade Fountain at Chatsworth

Forming a dramatic main feature to the gardens at the rear of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. Expanding down the hillside for 200 yards towards the house is a series of 24 irregularly spread stone steps. Totally gravity fed, the Cascade too is based on a 17th century French layout. In 1696, this water fountain was designed for the first Duke of Devonshire and has remained unaltered ever since that time. Standing at the top of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water runs downward. A compact structure, the home is embellished on the outside with sea creatures in bas-relief. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on special moments, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade display, as water passes through conduits on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, prior to continuing along the Cascade. The size of every single step was made slightly different and means that the sound of the water cascading varies as it falls down the Cascades, providing a superb and calming complement to a stroll through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.

Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting System

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting discovery captivated the attention and approval of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final mentions of the device. It could be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest waterway, the Acqua Felice, started delivering the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer a great deal usage for the device. In truth it was probably simply abandoned when Ferdinando went back to Florence in 1588 after the death of his brother, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his position as a cardinal in order to secure his position as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. It could violate the force of gravity to lift water to Renaissance landscapes, nourishing them in a way other late sixteenth century models like scenographic water presentations, musical fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Attributes of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

The first freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished accomplishment since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed as by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot stretched out of a rigid forward-facing posture and the male figurines were regularly unclothed, with a compelling, powerful physique. In about 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more sophisticated forms of government and art, and obtained more information about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars involving city-states are suggestive of the disruptive nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Landscape Elegance: Outdoor Fountains

It is also possible to place your exterior water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be hooked to a nearby pond. Moreover, it is no longer necessary to excavate, deal with a difficult installation procedure or tidy up the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this fountain no longer needs plumbing work. Adding water on a regular } basis is essential, however. Your pond and the proximate area are certain to get dirty at some point so be sure to empty the water from the basin and fill it with fresh water.

The most utilized materials employed to manufacture garden wall fountains are stone and metal, even though they can be made out of any number of other materials. The most appropriate material for your fountain depends completely on the style you choose. The best designs for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are handmade, simple to put up and not too heavy to hang. In addition, be sure to buy a fountain which requires little maintenance. Generally, most installations are straight forward since the only pieces which may require examination are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a bit more difficult. You can relax knowing your garden can be easily enlivened by putting in this kind of fountain.

Visit the World’s Tallest Fountains

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in 2nd is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

Located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). It rockets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is located next to tallest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).


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