Garden of Chatsworth: The Cascade Fountain

The Cascade garden fountain forms a spectacular garden decoration at the rear of Chatsworth House. For 200 yards in direction of the dwelling is a collection of twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps stretching down the hillside. su1860_5__27396.jpg Entirely gravity fed, the Cascade too is founded on a 17th century French design. Remaining unaltered since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the very first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water slowly flows downward. Embellished on the outside of the house with deep-sea creatures in bas-relief, the residence is a small construction. Water pressure to the Cascade can easily be boosted on special moments, causing the Cascade House to become an essential element of the Cascade display, as water runs through conduits on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, before continuing along the Cascade. The size of every single step was made slightly different and means that the sound of the water cascading fluctuates as it descends the Cascades, offering a superb and calming accompaniment to a walk through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was named the best water fountain in England.

Water Fountains: How they Can Improve your Life

Not only do outdoor fountains add beauty to any area, they also provide pleasant sounds and cleaner air. They provide many health benefits and contribute to a lovely atmosphere to entertain loved ones. Different people, however, find that their fountain is important to them for many personal reasons. It could be that it takes you back to a particular area you once visited. It might remind you of that special person. It could also be turned into a memorial to pay your respects to someone already deceased. Regardless, it will be yours and yours alone and also bring so much to your world.

Tiered Water Elements: What Are They?

Fountains with more than one level are very easy to find, and typical above all in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have countless tiered fountains. Typical places to see them are in courtyards and piazzas. All multi-level fountains are beautiful, although some have much more lavish carvings than others.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more traditional setting is sometimes more suitable. It should seem as if the fountain has been part of the decor since the beginning and should blend in accordingly.

Bernini’s First Italian Water Fountains

The Barcaccia, Bernini's first water fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will find Roman residents and vacation goers filling this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. One of the city’s most fashionable gathering spots are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII commissioned what was to be the very first water fountain of the master's career. The fountain’s central theme is based on an an enormous vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean. Period writings dating back to the 16th century indicate that the fountain was built as a monument to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's only lengthy voyage outside of Italy.

At What Point Did Water Fountains Originate?

Himself a learned man, Pope Nicholas V headed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of hundreds of age-old documents from their original Greek into Latin. It was important for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was restored starting in 1453. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the location where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was directed by the Pope to put up a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Water Features for Cats

Does your cat like to leap onto the countertop when he hears the tap? Does he put his paws into the toilet or check the water in his bowl before sticking his face in it? Though these actions might seem peculiar, in fact they are common because cats shy away from water that is not moving. In fact, they do not have a strong natural inclination to hydrate.

In nature, cats tend to eat moisture-rich meat, which means they do not need to frequently seek out water. For this reason, an instinctive longing for water never developed in felines.

Owner's of a domesticated cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get adequate water because it is an important part of their overall health. To keep a healthy water source for your pet, get it a cat fountain.

If you put one in, you can rest easy knowing your pet has convenient access to water. You can choose one you know your cat will enjoy since they come in so many unique models. There are fountains that always have nonstop flowing fresh water while others have a bowl which refills as your pet cat drinks from it.

How Technical Concepts of Fountains Spread

Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated books of the day. They were also the primary method of transferring useful hydraulic ideas and water fountain design ideas all through Europe. A globally celebrated leader in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water hydraulics. He penned a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his lifetime while in France which came to be the essential tome on hydraulic technology and engineering. Replacing key hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the book also highlights contemporary hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanical way to move water. Two undetectable vessels warmed by sunlight in a space adjacent to the creative fountain were presented in an illustration. The hot water expands and subsequently ascends and closes the water pipes thereby activating the water fountain. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond designs are included in the book.


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