A Short History of Early Public Garden Fountains

As initially conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. Fountains throughout history have been created as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. Rough in design, the 1st water fountains did not look much like contemporary fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the 1st fountains were very simple carved stone basins. p-348__70718.jpg 2000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were originally used. The jet of water appearing from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the lone power source builders had in those days. Situated near aqueducts or creeks, the practical public water fountains supplied the local population with fresh drinking water. The people of Rome began building elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. The impressive aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the spectacular public fountains, many of which you can travel to today.

Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles

With the manufacturing of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at greater elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it less difficult to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't provide enough water. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran underneath his residence.

Water Elements Commonplace in Japanese Gardens

A water element is an absolutely vital part of any Japanese garden. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. It is unusual to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

Many people also get a water fountain that has a bamboo spout. Under the bamboo spout is usually a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. Even when new, it should be designed to appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they place plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decoration.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. After some years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss grows over the stone.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Lots of people add a koi pond or a tiny stream as a final touch.

There are different alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. It is appropriate to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of flowing water.

The Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain creates a magnificent focal point to the gardens and sits at the rear of Chatsworth House.

Stretching down the hillside for 200 yards towards the home is a collection of 24 irregularly spread stone steps. The Cascade is founded on a 17th century French style and is completely gravity fed as well. In 1696, this particular water fountain was designed for the original Duke of Devonshire and has been kept unchanged ever since that time. The Cascade House stands at the very top of the fountain where water flows downward. Water creatures in bas-relief beautify the outside of the residence which is a small construction. Water pressure to the Cascade can easily be boosted on special moments, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade display, as water moves through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, prior to continuing along the Cascade. The dimensions of each step was made slightly different and means that the music of the water cascading varies as it falls down the Cascades, offering a superb and calming complement to a stroll through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water feature in the UK.

How to Choose the Most Suitable Place for Your Water Feature

Before picking out a water fountain, carefully consider exactly where you want to put it. They make gorgeous centerpieces in roundabouts and make a lovely impression in driveways and entryways too.

It is also possible to acquire a fountain made especially to be mounted against a wall. If you check the back, you will notice a bar or some other piece to secure it against a wall, grate or fence. Keep in mind when you set up your fountain that you must firmly affix it to a wall to avoid having it fall over in high winds and getting damaged.

In communal places like parks where folks tend to sit and take it easy for a few minutes, you will notice one other option – the garden sculpture style.

The Virtuosity of Michelangelo’s Roman Wall Fountains

Michelangelo and Ammannati, two celebrated Florentine maestros, created the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was revealed. Built some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which carried water into the Capitol permitting a greater water display. Michelangelo had expected this, however, and used a bigger basin styled on the art of the late Cinquecento.

Did the creation of wall fountains begin with the famous sculptor? His designs undoubtedly influenced the design of fountain which dominates throughout Italy. Today, this structural style is found at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged among the stairs on the primary axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Sadly, Michelangelo was destined to put his own talents aside and combine conventional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain erected at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and commissioned the Florentine genius to design a special wall fountain. The fountain was to be decorated with a marble depiction of Moses striking a stone from which water flowed. Rather than making the Moses sculpture, which would take too much time to complete, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. Producing a new design by the renown sculptor was thought to be more complicated than placing an ancient figure above the fountain.

The Advantages of Photovoltaic Garden Fountains

There are many different electrical options you can use for your garden wall fountain. Eco-friendly solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have substituted older fountains which run on electricity. Although solar run water fountains may be the most inexpensive long-term option, the initial expense is in fact higher. The most frequent materials used to make solar run water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. This wide array of choices makes it easier to buy one which matches your interior design. These kinds of fountains can be easily serviced, and you can feel good about making a real contribution to the eco-system while also creating a relaxing garden sanctuary.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb way to cool your home as well as to provide an enticing addition to your living area. They cool your dwelling by utilizing the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. You can also save on your utility costs because they consume less energy.

One way to generate a cooling effect is to fan clean, dry air across them. Either your ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can be used to augment circulation. It is essential that the surface of the water have air continually blowing across it. The cool, refreshing air made by waterfalls and fountains is a natural occurrence. You will experience a sudden coolness in the air when you approach a big waterfall or fountain. Be certain to situate your fountain cooling system where it will not be subjected to additional heat. Your fountain will be less efficient if you situate it in the sunlight.


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