Gian Bernini's Water Features

There are numerous celebrated water features in the city center of Rome. 6654_4201__56776.jpg Pretty much all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His skills as a fountain designer and also as a city architect, are obvious throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An diligent worker, the young Bernini received compliments and patronage of various popes and important artists. He was originally recognized for his sculpture. An authority in ancient Greek architecture, he used this knowledge as a starting point and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Though many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

How Your Home or Workplace Benefit from an Indoor Wall Water Feature

Your interior living space can profit from an interior wall fountain because it embellishes your home and also gives it a contemporary feel. These types of fountains lower noise pollution in your home or workplace, thereby allowing your family and customers to have a stress-fee and tranquil environment. Installing one of these interior wall water features will also draw the attention and admiration your staff and clients alike. Your indoor water feature will most certainly grab the interest of all those in its vicinity, and stymie even your most demanding critic as well.

A wall fountain is a great addition to any home because it provides a tranquil spot where you sit and watch a favorite show after working all day. Indoor fountains generate harmonious sounds which are thought to emit negative ions, eliminate dust as well as allergens, all while producing a calming and relaxing setting.

Builders of the First Fountains

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an innovator and scientific specialist. He carefully documented his observations in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and motion of water. Early Italian water fountain engineers converted private villa configurations into inspiring water showcases full of emblematic meaning and natural charm by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening talent. The magnificence in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water fountain developers, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water features and water jokes for the various properties near Florence, were tried and tested in humanist topics and classical scientific texts.

Bernini’s Very First Italian Fountains

One can find Bernini's very first masterpiece, the Barcaccia water fountain, at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will see Roman locals and vacation goers occupying this space to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. Bernini would without a doubt have been happy to know that people still flock to what has become one the city's trendiest areas, that surrounding his amazing fountain. In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini start off his professional life with the construction of his first water fountain. A large ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the fountain according to writings from the period. In what turned out to be his sole prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, commenced supplying the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up until then. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the other existing solutions of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. In the early 16th century, the city began to use the water that flowed underground through Acqua Vergine to furnish water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Though they were initially planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, commencing when he purchased the property in 1543. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his property.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a Fountain in Your Living Area

A good way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Modern-day designers and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the impact of integrating one of these to your interior decor connects it to past times. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which add to the advantages of including one of these beautiful water features. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often frighten off irritating flying invaders, for instance.

Putting in a wall fountain is your best option for a little backyard because a spouting or cascading fountain takes up too much space. Two options to pick from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to include a fountain. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires training, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than go at it yourself.

The Origins Of Fountains

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the artist responsible for building it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times utilized by Romans to beautify their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.


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