Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece

The primitive Greeks built the 1st freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to appear stiff and always had foot in front; the males were healthy, robust, and naked. In about 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. 2212_12404__24585.jpg The Archaic period was an amazing time of transformation for the Greeks as they expanded into new modes of government, produced unique expressions of art, and attained knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are indicative of the tumultuous nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

A Concise History of the First Outdoor Fountains

The water from springs and other sources was initially delivered to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities via water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not aesthetic. In the days before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby hills. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have impressed people from all over the globe all through the centuries. If you saw the first fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins sculpted from nearby material were the first fountains, used for spiritual functions and drinking water. The oldest stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 B.C.. The spraying of water emerging from small jets was pressured by gravity, the sole power source creators had in those days. These historic fountains were designed to be functional, often situated along reservoirs, creeks and waterways to furnish drinking water. Wildlife, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early ornate Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 BC. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Feature

Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a small spot appear bigger than it is. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective qualities stemming from dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different designs and colors, to display your new feature at night. The sun is indispensable to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. The comforting effect created by these is oftentimes used in nature therapies to alleviate anxiety and stress.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to place your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard.

Water features make great add ons to both large gardens or small patios. Considerably transforming the ambience is possible by placing it in the most appropriate place and include the finest accompaniments.

The Different Types of Garden Fountains

A garden can be a little oasis, providing you a serene place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. There is nothing as wonderful as one to relax in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. A beautiful garden will increase any property value, as “curb appeal” is vital to the market value. There are many ways to boost the visual beauty of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

A water fountain can make a significant difference to the beauty and tranquility of your garden. It will transform a plain area into a gorgeous place of peaceful tranquility. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming retreat, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local critters. Your fountain will immediately turn into the main feature of your garden or yard.

Keep Your Outdoor Water fountain Clean

Water fountains will last a long time with regular cleaning and maintenance.

A typical issue with fountains is that they tend to gather dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Also, algae tends to build up anywhere natural light meets water. Blend hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular problem. There are those who like to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Experts recommend that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scouring every 3-4 months. Before cleaning, all of the water must be taken out. Then use a soft cloth and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. Feel free to use a toothbrush if helpful for any tiny crevasses. Do not leave any soap deposits inside or on the fountain.

Numerous organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is best to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for several hours before cleaning. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain components that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

The Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth Garden

At the rear of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden water fountain creates a spectacular centerpiece to the landscape. Expanding down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the residence is a group of twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps. The Cascade, also entirely gravity fed, is primarily based on a 17th century French format. This water fountain has continued unmodified after being Created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. Located at the peak of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water streams downward. Embellished on the exterior with marine creatures in bas-relief, the home is a small construction. Prior to continuing down the Cascade, on important occasions water pressure to the Cascade may be increased, causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade display, as water circulates through piping on its rooftop and originating from the mouths of its carved marine creatures. Offering a fantastic and soothing complement to a stroll through the landscape, the slight difference in size of every step indicates that the sound of the water cascading downward fluctuates as it falls along the Cascades. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water feature in England.

Water Fountains and Wildlife

Anyone who has bird feeders knows that outdoor water features bring in wildlife. All birds need a place to drink, bathe and preen. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are usually attracted to the active water of fountains. Many flying creatures enjoy running water instead of still water, thus making such outdoor features much more appealing than bowl shaped birdbaths. Trickling fountains which splash water have a more detectable sound, this attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they provide refreshing water to drink. Hot days drive dogs and cats to anxiously look for the freshest water nearby. Constantly moving water is also going to require much less cleaning than a still bowl of water from a birdbath, which collects debris.


The History of Wall Fountains
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The Positive Benefits of Adding a Fountain in Your Living Space
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Wall Mounted Fountains: A Special Touch to your Home
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How to Pick the Most Suitable Place for Your Fountain
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Recommendations for the Selecting the Ideal Water Feature for You
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Thoughts to Keep in Mind When Purchasing a Fountain
It is vital to consider how a water fountain will fit into your garden prior to buying one. Roundabouts and driveways are wonderful spots for them. Some types of fountains are specifically built to lean against a wall. Typically, they... read more