The Major Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture

Archaic Greeks were well known for creating the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. Thought of by Greeks to embody beauty, the kouroi were shaped into stiff, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-built, and athletic. 6877_5004__55103.jpg Around 650 BC, life-sized models of the kouroi began to be observed. The Archaic period was an amazing point of transformation for the Greeks as they grew into new forms of government, created fresh expressions of art, and attained knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Throughout this time and other times of historical tumultuousness, clashes often took place, most notably wars fought between city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Originate from?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Modern fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Pets and Wildlife Love Water Features

Wildlife and pets are naturally drawn to bird feeders and water fountains. The truth is that birds require water to: drink, bathe and preen. Robins, thrushes, orioles and warblers, though not attracted to bird feeders, are alternatively drawn to the motion of water created by fountains. While bowl-shaped bird baths can be unexciting to many birds, fountains are more inviting because of the moving water they produce. Trickling fountains that splash around are audible from far away, attracting even more birds.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide drinking water. During hot months of summer, cats and dogs will be outside searching for the absolute freshest water around. Because water in fountains is consistently moving, they do not need much cleaning, whereas the still water of birdbaths collect debris and require more attention.

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains

The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first water fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, this area is filled with Roman locals and tourists alike who enjoy conversation and each other's company. The streets neighboring his fountain have come to be one of the city’s most trendy meeting places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII commissioned what was to be the earliest water fountain of the artist's career. A large boat slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. The great 16th century flooding of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to documents from the period. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's only prolonged journey outside of Italy.

Installing a Garden Fountain In Smaller Gardens

You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Dark materials alter the reflective properties of a fountain or water feature. Night time is a great time to draw attention to the illuminated, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. The calming effect created by these is oftentimes used in nature techniques to alleviate anxiety and stress.

The foliage in your yard is a great spot to fit in your water feature. Your pond, artificial river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. The flexibility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The best way to perfect the ambience, position it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

The Dispersion of Water Feature Design Knowledge

Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic facts and water feature design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated books of the time. An un-named French water fountain developer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, building knowledge in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned towards the end of his lifetime in France, turned out to be the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Replacing vital hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the publication also explains contemporary hydraulic technologies. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. Sunlight warmed the liquid in two concealed vessels adjacent to the beautiful water feature were shown in an illustration. The heated water expands and subsequently rises and closes the pipes consequently activating the water feature. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond concepts are covered in the text.

A Wall Water Feature to Suit Your Decor

Placing a wall fountain in your yard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. Moreover, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not need much room. Whether it is stand alone or mounted, you will need a spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump. You have many models to a lot to pick from whether you are searching for a traditional, popular, classical, or Asian style.

With its basin situated on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are typically quite large in size.

It is possible to integrate a wall-mounted water feature onto an already existent wall or built into a new wall. This type of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it seem as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.


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