The History of Outdoor Fountains

Hundreds of ancient Greek documents were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to embellish the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope instigated the reconstruction of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman tradition of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an magnificent celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. At the bidding of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the place where we now find the Trevi Fountain. or_155_middle__41661.jpg The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the modified aqueduct he had reconstructed.

The Earliest Recorded Outdoor Public Fountains of History

As initially developed, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the citizens of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to force the water through spigots or other outlets. Striking and spectacular, prominent water fountains have been constructed as memorials in nearly all civilizations. If you saw the first fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and religious functions. The first stone basins are presumed to be from around 2000 BC. Gravity was the energy source that controlled the earliest water fountains. Situated near reservoirs or creeks, the functional public water fountains provided the local citizens with fresh drinking water. Fountains with ornate decoration began to show up in Rome in approximately 6 BC, commonly gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or bronze. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Famous Revelation Fountain at the Gardens of Chatsworth

The popular UK sculptor Angela Conner created the Chatsworth ornamental exterior fountain called “Revelation.” In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday, she was commissioned by the deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth designed of brass and steel in 2004. In 1999 Revelation was placed in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds. It takes the form of four large petals made from metal which open and closes with the water circulation, alternatively concealing and displaying a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s heart. A metal globe decorated with gold dust was included into the sculpture, which stands five meters in height and five meters wide. This newest fountain is an intriguing and interesting addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the motion of the flower petals is totally powered by water.

Caring For Water Wall Fountains

Setting up an outdoor wall fountain demands that you bear in mind the dimensions of the space where you are going to install it. In order to hold up its total weight, a solid wall is necessary. Areas or walls which are small will call for a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical socket in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you choose, they generally come with simple to follow, step-by-step instructions.

Most outside wall fountains come in easy-to-use kits that will provide you all you need to properly install it. The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin can usually be hidden away among your garden plants if it is not too large. Once fitted, wall fountains typically only require some light maintenance and regular cleaning.

It is necessary to replenish the water routinely so that it remains clean. Leaves, branches or dirt are examples of rubbish which should be cleared away quickly. Safeguarding your outdoor wall fountain from the freezing winter weather is essential. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, relocate your pump indoors. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right upkeep and cleaning.

A Solar Powered Large Outdoor Fountain

Have you always wanted to prettify the look of your residence? Solar fountains might be the answer - they are a perfect add-on to any home because they embellish the design and raise the price of your home.

You get all the advantages of an electric fountain, as well as other monetary benefits and an overall betterment to your health. In spite of the high initial price, costs associated with these fountains are worthwhile. Because your fountain will not be powered by electrical energy, there will be no need to be concerned about any power shortages.

Constant running water fountains will probably lead to a higher electric bill at the end of the month. Keep in mind that while you may not notice any rewards right away, your home will be worth more further down the road.

The issue with using more electricity is not only about our electric bills, the effect on the environment is considerable. The only source of energy used by solar powered water features is the sun making them a “green” option. Using solar energy to power our homes as well as a water feature is important because it also safeguards our environment.

This kind of water fountain doesn't need as much upkeep as others.

These water features require less maintenance than other kinds. Clogs don't occur since there is no motor - which leads to less cleaning. And because there is little cleaning to do, you will have more time to play!

The World’s Highest Fountains

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list.

Considered the tallest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Enhance Your Everyday Life with a Fountain

The movement and sound of water emitted from a fountain have two health benefits: cleaning the air and proving a place of relaxation and serenity, both of which will improve your quality of life.

You might be amazed to learn of all the rewards of being around an indoor or outdoor garden fountain. People around the world flock to coastal cities and large bodies of water, most likely influenced by the fact that our bodies have a high water content. While there are many extravagant ways to incorporate the benefits of water into your daily life (like investing in a beach house!), a much more accessible option is to install a water feature in your home.

If you want to make your porch, patio, or back yard even more relaxing, think about purchasing an outdoor garden fountain. Even if you are already content with your outdoor area, the addition of one of the many outdoor fountains available will make you appreciate it even more. A wonderful idea is to put one on the wall of your screened porch, or perhaps outside as part of your outdoor decor. Your flower garden will become a place of elegant decadence and tranquility if you put in a tiered version. Due to the constant movement of water in a birdbath fountain, algae and bacteria do not build up, and birds come flocking to the fresh water. Finish your garden area with the calm sound of flowing water.


Inventors of the First Water Fountains
Frequently working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the late 18th... read more
Creators of the First Outside Garden Fountains
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted... read more
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Rome’s First Water Transport Systems
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