The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century substantially modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. 94_008_xx03_rustlite__55266.jpg But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Monasteries and castles served separate purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most untouched sample we have. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. As a method of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. A scenic bowling green, enveloped in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

Musical Fountains and Their Amazing Sounds

A musical or dancing fountain, creates an aesthetic design with three-dimensional images, and is a kind of animated water feature used to entertain audiences.

The resulting effect of timed sound waves and timed light - including lasers- hitting against water particles creates an amazing show. The three-dimensional images are produced by the water refracting and reflecting the light.

To create such an installation, hundreds of lights and water jets are needed, and can end up costing millions of dollars. Building a musical feature, which is made up of mechanical, hydraulic, and electrical components, which are not visible, can be so intricate that it just might be as amazing as the show itself.

The Dubai Fountain is presently the largest musical endeavor in the world. Spanning the 30-acre manmade Burj Khalifa Lake, it was the brainchild of California-based company WET Design, who became known for their breathtaking fountain design at the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas. Six thousand-six hundred lights, 25 colored projectors as well as fog and fire are required to put on the display. Sending water 150 meters (490 feet, comparable to a 50-story building) into the sky, it measures 207-meters (902 feet) and incorporates music such as classical pieces, contemporary Arabic music as well as world music. The total cost was exceptional - an estimated 218 million US dollars. The Dubai Mall and the water fountain were formally opened on May 8, 2009 by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. The Souk Al Bahar or the Dubai Mall make ideal places from which to look at the fountain located in front of the Burj Khalifa.

Improve Your Office Ambiance with a Garden Fountain

You can enhance your business by putting in a garden fountain. A lovely one will make your business space feel warm and welcoming. Places of business, in contrast to residential areas, need outdoor fountains that are both impressive as well as inviting to customers and staff alike.

Important to the success of any firm, they are a way to attract new customers and make a positive first impression. Garden water fountains, beautiful plants, and other elements, will add a bit of nature even in a small spaces. Even larger, more eye-catching garden displays can be set up in business areas that have more open space available. That said, there are plenty that only have room for a small display with which to make an impressive and lasting statement.

The main idea here is that you need to bring in new customers and make a lasting impression. Having an eye-catching garden fountain at the entrance to your business who want to give your business a try.

The Genius of Michelangelo’s Roman Wall Fountains

Michelangelo and Ammannati, two renowned Florentine maestros, made the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century.

The earliest fountain Michelangelo created came in 1536 with the construction of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to make part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. The construction of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more impressive water display, was included years later. Anticipating this, Michelangelo had added a more substantial basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

Was the reknowned sculptor the earliest to create wall fountains? Italy’s fountains certainly show the influence his designs had on the styles found there. Additional examples of this type of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is located between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s destiny to combine classic Roman characteristics into his fountains instead of using his own remarkable talents to design original pieces. The Florentine master was instructed by Julius III (1550-1555) to design a distinctive fountain to be placed at the top of the passageway of the Belvedere in the Vatican. A marble sculpture of Moses striking a rock streaming water was to be built as decoration for the fountain. The idea of the Moses figure was rejected, however, because of the time it would take to create it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. It was thought easier to use a traditional sculpture above the fountain rather than have the eminent artist design a totally new figure.

Where did Landscape Fountains Originate from?

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the area. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century served only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the functions of modern-day fountains.

Your Yard Can Benefit from Feng Shui

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will draw its healthful energy into your home as well.

Size is not the most important factor when incorporating feng shui design to your yard. Of course, a big area is great if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller spaces as well.

Feng shui tools are the same whether you are working in your garden or your house. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an extension of your house's bagua, so it is essential to figure out your home’s first.

It is also essential to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is important to use it. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a serene Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Consider integrating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

What Water Fountains Bring to your Every Day Life

There are countless benefits to be gained from outdoor fountains including improved air quality as well as wonderful sounds and sights. Along with the many health benefits they provide, they also create a setting which your friends and family will enjoy. Each person, however, tends to discover their own individual benefits from a fountain. Perhaps it takes you back to a particular area you once visited. It might be a reminder of that special person. It could also be turned into a memorial to pay your respects to someone already gone. Regardless, it will be yours and yours alone and also bring so much to your life.


The Revelation Garden Fountain at the Gardens of Chatsworth
Designed by popular British sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the latest addition to the Chatsworth ornamental outdoor water fountains. In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration, she was mandated by the late 11th... read more
The Most Recent Addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth: "Revelation"
Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, fashioned “Revelation,” the latest addition to the appealing exterior fountains of Chatsworth. She was mandated by the... read more
Builders of the First Water Features
Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars... read more
Early Crete & The Minoans: Water Features
Various different kinds of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan civilization. These were applied to furnish towns and cities with water as well as... read more