The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in Europe

s_458_art__46347.jpg Spreading practical hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. A globally celebrated innovator in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, developing experience in garden design and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water hydraulics. In France, near the end of his lifetime, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication that turned into the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Detailing modern hydraulic technologies, the publication also updated critical hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanized method of transferring water. Sunlight heating liquid in a couple of containers hidden in a room adjacent to an decorative fountain was shown in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the heated liquid expanding and rising up the piping. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water features and outdoor ponds are also mentioned in the publication.

How Beneficial is a Wall Fountain in your Waiting Room?

Having a water feature on display in a waiting room can positively affect not only your surroundings but your psychological state as well. The thought of putting in this type of element in the waiting room of your place of business may have also crossed your mind. Many kinds of businesses such as a newly established or remodeled dealership, medical office, tax office, or spa might benefit from having one in the reception area.

Clients waiting for an appointment or meeting for a prolonged period of time usually become more restless. They start anxiously checking the time on their phones replaying all of the errands waiting to be finished. The hours may possibly pass them by when you a wall water fountain to your waiting area. Your patients or clients may feel less agitated and more relaxed surrounded by the sound and appearance of slowly moving water.

Depending on the climate, most businesses turn on the air conditioning or heat in their reception areas. This causes the air to dry out in these situations. The amount of moisture generated by your wall fountain is just enough to make the environment comfortable but not enough to make it humid. Those staff members who work all day will therefore benefit from the atmosphere in the office. You can become more prone to illness because the dry air affects the mucous membranes in your body.

Furthermore, it causes dry lips and skin as well as irritated eyes, lifeless hair, and frail nails. The natural humidity generated by water fountains is good for your health.

In addition, a more comfortable setting is the result of wall water fountains which also help to drown out unpleasant noises. Medical machinery, phones, faxes, and office jibber-jabber make annoying noises. Irritating noises will not be completely eliminated but they will not be as aggravating to your guests.

Fountains also add to a healthy environment and make a good impression. You can get the competetive advantage by purchasing one of these. Placing the name of your company or its logo on a wall water fountain gives you a powerful sales tool as well.

Water Features: Great for Wildlife

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a natural way to draw in wildlife and pets. Birds must have water to drink, bathe in, as well a place to groom, or preen. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are usually attracted to the moving water of fountains. Many flying creatures enjoy running water instead of still water, thus making such outdoor features much more appealing than bowl shaped birdbaths. Birds are highly attracted to the trickling and splashing music produced.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they offer fresh water to drink.

Hot days drive dogs and cats to anxiously look for the freshest water around. Fountains generally need little cleaning due to their constantly flowing water, whereas birdbaths need to be regularly serviced because they easily collect debris.

The Wide Array of Exterior Fountains

Make your dream a reality by creating an oasis of tranquility in your garden. The calming feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. It is feasible to have one of these installed into an existent, large pond. Parks and traditional stately homes often have one these water features.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a classy wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to incorporate one of these. Whereas spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, streams down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are ideal when the style of your garden allows for them. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Consider installing something bolder and distinctive for a contemporary garden. Just permit your creativity to run loose.

Tiered fountains are unique because the water moves down multiple levels. Due to the water moving down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Since external fountains require ample space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Put in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight below ground.

Japanese fountains are thought to lend a feeling of tranquility and well-being. In this type of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water streaming into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this kind of fountain.

Fountains made of glass are another type available. A more conventional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are best suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. A wondrous effect is produced when water streams down the sheets of glass. LED lighting fixtures are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an interesting façade as the water softly flows downwards.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with tubes. Low pressure is employed to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This is yet another solution for gardens with restricted space. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is perfect because it prevents water from being sprayed around in windy weather.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Look at the Benefits of an Indoor Wall Water Fountain

Hospitals and health care facilities have been using interior fountains to create peaceful, stress-free environments for many years now. Softly falling water lulls people into a state of introspection.

Moreover, recovery seems to go more quickly when water features are included as part of the treatment. A number of illnesses are thought to get better with their use, as such they are recommended by physicians and mental health therapists. The soothing, melodious sound of flowing water is thought to help people with PTSD and acute insomnia.

A sense of safety and well-being is heightened, according to research, when you include an wall fountain in your home. The sight and sound of water are elemental to the survival of the human species and planet earth.

Feng-shui is an ancient philosophy which claims that water is one of two fundamental components in our lives which has the capacity to transform us. The main tenets of feng-shui say that we can achieve serenity and harmony by harmonizing the interior elements in our surroundings. The element of water ought to be included in every living area. The ideal place to set up a fountain is close to your home’s entrance or in front of it.

You and your family will no doubt benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Having a fountain in a central room seems to impact people’s state of mind, their happiness as well as their level of satisfaction according to some studies.

The Popularity of Japanese Water Elements

A water feature is an important part of any Japanese garden. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are thought to be representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. Since water is the most important element of any Japanese fountain, the design is generally simple.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts built of bamboo. Below the bamboo spout is typically a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. People usually make them look weathered and worn, even when they are new. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people normally enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decor.

If you are looking for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain built of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. In time, as moss gradually covers the stones, it becomes even more natural-looking.

If you are lucky enough to have a big piece of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Charming add-ons include a babbling stream or tiny pool with koi in it.

Japanese fountains, though, do not necessarily need to have water in them. Many people choose to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in real water. The impression of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

With the building of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to depend exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies obtainable at the time to supply water to spots of greater elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Whilst these manholes were manufactured to make it simpler and easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Though the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it couldn't provide sufficient water. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was in a position to suit his water wants.


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