The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons experienced incredible adjustments to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The ability of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings set in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. 93-402-5803__72579.jpg Gardening, a placid occupation, was unfeasible in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle is probably the most intact model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a deterrent to intruders who would try to mine the walls of the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and surrounded by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

Bernini’s First Italian Water Fountains

Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art found at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. Roman residents and site seers who enjoy verbal exchanges as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. Today, the city streets surrounding Bernini's water fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. In about 1630, the great artist designed the first fountain of his career at the behest of Pope Ubano VIII. People can now see the fountain as an illustration of a great ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to documents from the time. In what turned out to be his sole prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

Gian Bernini's Public Fountains

There are lots of celebrated Roman water fountains in its city center.

One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was also a urban architect, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain designer, and traces of his life's work are apparent throughout the avenues of Rome. To fully exhibit their skill, primarily in the form of community water features and water fountains, Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they eventually relocated in the Roman Capitol. The young Bernini was an exemplary worker and attained encouragement and patronage of important artists as well as popes. He was originally celebrated for his sculpture. Working faultlessly with Roman marble, he used a base of expertise in the historical Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.

Multi -Level Water Elements

Gardens are popular places to showcase a tiered fountain, a style which has historically been very fashionable. These types of fountains are widespread in Italy, Spain, and other Mediterranean nations. Public squares and building courtyards are very common places where you will find tiered fountains.

All multi-level fountains are beautiful, although some have much more lavish carvings than others.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more conventional setting is sometimes more suitable. If done correctly, anyone seeing the fountain will assume it has been there forever.

Reasons to Install Your Own Pond Fountain

Most people think of the stunning masterpieces that adorn the front of public buildings when they think of fountains. That said, in reality they can be made of any style and size, and do not only belong in public locations. This kind of element could even fit into the design of your garden, yard, or exterior decor.

Two positive things can take place if you add one of your own. First are the lovely aesthetics and tranquil nature of fountains. What you need at the end of a rough day is the soothing sound of the water and a tranquil ambiance. Your site will be even more classy as well. What’s more, your lovely fountain will interest your guests and you will find your parties more enjoyable.

Another advantage is that such a water feature will supply the fish in your pond with cleaner, healthier water. A pond fountain will oxygenate the water by keeping it in motion, which is great for fish. Your fish will survive a longer time because of the constantly flowing, aerated water. You should see heartier flowers too.

What is the Best Material for your Wall Water Feature?

Select the best suited wall fountain for you from the wide range of materials available on the market. Fiberglass is ideal for situations in which you need a sturdy, lightweight, weather resistant material. One of the added benefits of this type of fountain is that it is not difficult to transport and does not need a large vehicle to deliver it.

Although a large part of them are made of metal, including copper, other appropriate materials include stone, clay, and wood. Despite the recent higher cost of this raw material, copper remains an exceptional option for your fountain if it is affordable. Cast stone is normally used in wall fountains to reproduce the look of classic Mediterranean fountains such as those seen in Italy, Spain, and France. Placing these molded, cast stone concrete features on the ground against a wall is feasible because they are durable and suitable for this kind of use. Available in numerous hues, they are typically made in the USA due to the high price of transportation.

Pets and Wildlife Love Water Fountains

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a healthy way to draw in wildlife and pets. Drinking, bathing, and grooming are some of the things birds need to do. There are some birds, such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are interested in fountains because of the moving water. Birds are usually drawn to outdoor fountains because of their moving water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Birds hear the trickling and splashing and are even more likely to come around.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they provide fresh water to drink. Dogs and cats will be outside looking out for refreshing water during hot weather. Because water in fountains is consistently moving, they do not need much maintenance, whereas the still water of birdbaths collect debris and require more care.


The Minoan Civilization: Outdoor Fountains
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Ancient Greece: Architectural Statuary
Sculptors garnished the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their religion as... read more
The Earliest Garden Fountains
Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to bring water from rivers or creeks to towns and villages, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was... read more
Where did Fountains Originate from?
A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for ... read more