The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

The published documents and illustrated pamphlets of the day contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and water fountain suggestions throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water fountain designer (whose name has been lost) was the internationally recognized hydraulics leader. His experience in designing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his life in France, turned out to be the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were outlined as well as revisions to essential classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the book. as24919_2__78133.jpg Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, a mechanical means of transferring water. An beautiful water feature with sunlight warming the liquid in two containers concealed in a neighboring accommodation was shown in one illustration. The end result: the water fountain is triggered by the heated liquid expanding and ascending up the piping. Models for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also included in the guide.

The Origins of Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains

Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek texts into Latin. He undertook the beautification of Rome to turn it into the worthy capital of the Christian world. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ruined aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was renovated starting in 1453. A mostra, a monumental commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a tradition which was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to put up a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. Changes and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

A Short History of the Early Public Water Features

As initially conceived, fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. To generate water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed people from all over the globe all through the ages. The common fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, used for containing water for drinking and spiritual purposes. 2,000 B.C. is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were originally used.

The jet of water appearing from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the sole power source creators had in those days. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as striking as they are functional. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., usually gods and animals, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. Water for the open fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

The World’s Tallest Fountains

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is located next to highest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Garden Fountains

To ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to perform regular maintenance. It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outdoor fountains, so keeping it clean is important. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae.

In order to prevent this, there are some common ingredients that can be poured into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is hazardous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should undergo a serious cleaning. Prior to cleaning, all the water must be removed. Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean the innner part of the reservoir. If there are any tiny grooves, use a toothbrush to get every spot. Make sure all the soap is totally rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. To make it less challenging, soak it in vinegar for several hours before cleaning. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by looking at it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. Permitting the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

The Benefits of Photovoltaic Garden Fountains

Garden wall fountains can be fueled in several different ways. Eco-friendly solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have replaced older fountains which run on electricity. The initial expenses to run your fountain on solar energy are most likely going to be steaper, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the more affordable option. The most frequent materials used to make solar powered water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. Your decor dictates which style best fits you. If you are looking to have your own garden retreat, these types of fountains are ideal because they are easy to upkeep and also have a positive effect on the environment.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something attractive to look at, they also help to cool your home. An alternative to air conditioners and evaporative coolers, they cool off your home by using the same principles. You can also save on your electric costs because they use less power.

A fan can be used to blow fresh, dry air across them so as to create a cooling effect. To enhance air flow, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the area. The most important consideration is to make sure that the air is continuously flowing over the surface of the water. It is the nature of fountains and waterfalls to generate cooled, fresh air. The sudden chill we feel is typical when we approach a big public fountain or a waterfall. Be sure to position your fountain cooling system where it will not be exposed to extra heat. If you are looking for an efficient cooling system, it should be placed away from direct sunlight.

The Countless Styles of Water Wall Fountains

Wall fountains are well suited to little verandas or gardens because they do not take up too much space while also adding a bit of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, antique, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas. If you are looking for a unique design, a custom-made one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

There are two specific styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone. Small, self-contained versions can be hung on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Normally made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Free-standing fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. There are no weight limits on these kinds of cast stone water features.

It is a good idea to incorporate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape professionals. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the essential plumbing. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. The unified look produced by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.


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