Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental constructs that allowed their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, broad valleys. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. aq_78061__91717.jpg Berkeley Castle is possibly the most unchanged model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. A significant terrace serves as a hindrance to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.

Water Elements in Japanese Gardens

No Japanese garden is complete without a water feature. They tend to be placed right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are thought to be representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains because the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often incorporated into water fountains. Below the bamboo spout is typically a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered look as well. People want their fountain to seem as natural as possible, so they place plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. As you can probably deduce, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

An alternate approach is to get a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. The aim is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the area, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Larger water features can be developed if there is enough open land. Consider adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not need to be an addition in a Japanese water fountain. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. The impression of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

The Different Designs in Garden Fountains

A garden can be a little oasis, providing you a peaceful place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. While it is not a simple process to build one, you will be glad you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. Investing in a gorgeous garden is good, as it will increase the “curb appeal” and value of your home. There are many ways to boost the visual beauty of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

A significant improvement to your garden can be realized by putting in a water fountain. A true fantasyland can be created from what used to be a very simple spot. The sounds of a water fountain make for a peaceful environment, not just for people but for the birds and other local wildlife that it will entice. Your fountain will immediately turn into the centerpiece of your garden or yard.

Short History of Fountains

If you evaluate any town or city throughout history, they have all had outdoor water fountains, which supplied water for the people and often became part of the neighborhood lore. Before we had sinks and faucets in our homes to bring us water, people counted on these water features when they needed water for drinking, cooking, or cleaning. These beautifully fashioned fountains are also a destination to pray, make wishes, or just to enjoy the sight and sound of the sweeping water. The water fountains are a location for baptisms, as well as a provider of water when materials are cut off by a military siege. One of the most celebrated fountains is located at the Castalia temple in Delphi, which serves as a place for residents to assemble and socialize.

Public Water Features Found in Historical Documents

As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding mountains. The beauty and spectacle of fountains make them ideal for traditional monuments.

The common fountains of modern times bear little similarity to the very first water fountains. Basic stone basins crafted from local stone were the very first fountains, used for spiritual purposes and drinking water. 2,000 BC is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The spraying of water emerging from small jets was forced by gravity, the only power source designers had in those days. These ancient fountains were built to be functional, often situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to supply drinking water. The people of Rome began constructing decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological characters. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Outdoor Statuary

The Archaic Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. Thought of by Greeks to represent beauty, the kouroi were created into inflexible, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, muscular, and athletic. Around 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they progressed into more sophisticated forms of federal government and art, and obtained more data about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars among city-states are suggestive of the tumultuous nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Fountains for Compact Spaces

You can make your space look bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Augmenting the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use underwater lights in a variety of colors and shapes to illuminate your new feature. Eco-lights fueled by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to brighten your garden at night. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

Your outdoor vegetation is a fantastic area to incorporate in your water feature. Your pond, artificial river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to install a water feature. The atmosphere can be significantly modified by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.


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