Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

There are countless famed Roman water features in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceptualized and produced nearly all of them. p-749_art__01997.jpg He was also a urban architect, in addition to his abilities as a fountain engineer, and records of his life's work are evident all through the streets of Rome. To fully express their art, chiefly in the form of public water features and water features, Bernini's father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome. An diligent worker, the young Bernini earned praise and the backing of many popes and influential artists. He was initially renowned for his sculpture. An authority in ancient Greek engineering, he used this knowledge as a foundation and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Interesting Origin of the Water Wall Fountain

Hundreds of classic Greek documents were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. To further enhance his city's prestige, in the year 1453 he began to rebuild the Acqua Vergine, the ruined Roman waterway which previously supplied clean drinking water to the city from 8 miles away. He also brought back the custom of using mostras to mark the terminal point of an aqueduct with a beautiful, elegant public fountain. Pope Nicholas V commissioned architect Leon Battista Alberti to build a simple wall fountain where the Trevi Fountain is now located. The mix of the Pope's desire to increase Rome's influence in the spiritual world, and provide fresh water to the city's citizens, indirectly led to the creation of the first wall fountain.

From Where Did Water Features Originate?

Himself a learned man, Pope Nicholas V headed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of hundreds of ancient documents from their original Greek into Latin. He undertook the embellishment of Rome to make it into the model seat of the Christian world. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the location where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was revived by Nicholas V. At the behest of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti undertook the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the altered aqueduct he had reconstructed.

Short History of Fountains

You would definitely be hard pressed to find a human settlement that didn’t feature an outdoor water fountain, both sitting in the town square and placed into its local stories. Fountains delivered necessary drinking water in the times when people did not yet have access to clean water in their homes. The fountains also provide a relaxing and engaging scenery to religious ceremonies and other ceremonies. When the area is under military blockade, they could turn to the water fountains and during religious rituals, the devoted could symbolically use the water to detoxify their bodies and souls. One of the most celebrated fountains is situated at the Castalia temple in Delphi, which serves as a place for residents to gather and interact socially.

The Wide Array of Outdoor Water Features

Make your dream a reality by creating an haven of tranquility in your garden. Add a sense of peace to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

The flood of water sent high up into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much difficulty. You may have seen one of these in a park or an old mansion.

Wall fountains are an perfect example of outdoor wall features. If you are keen on include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of a subtle type of water feature. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Themed fountains are best when the style of your yard allows for them. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Modern gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Let your mind run free to decide on the best option.

Tiered fountains are unique because the water moves down multiple levels. Water runs down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

A substantial amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Put in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight below ground.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of peace. Bamboo sticks function as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this sort of fountain.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are a perfect option for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary forms and design. The water produces a spectacular effect when it runs down the surface of the glass. LED lights are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an interesting façade as the water softly flows downwards.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is employed to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. Gardens with little space are good areas to include this style of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this kind of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming increasingly trendy. The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the decreased power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Cascade Fountain Located at The Chatsworth Garden

The Cascade garden fountain forms a dazzling centerpiece to the gardens and rests at the back of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly spread stone steps stretch down the hillside for 200 yards towards the house. The Cascade is based on a 17th century French layout and is completely gravity fed too. This water fountain has remained unchanged after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. At the peak of the fountain, from which water runs downward, stands the Cascade House. A compact building, the house is embellished on the external side with sea creatures in bas-relief. Water pressure to the Cascade can be enhanced on special occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade sight, as water runs through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved ocean creatures, before continuing all the way down the Cascade. The sound of the water plunging fluctuates as it descends down the Cascades because of the minor difference in the size of each step thereby supplying a wonderful and restful accompaniment to a walking through the gardens. This cascade was chosen in a survey, carried out by Country Life in 2004, as the UK'sbest water fountain.

What is the Right Material for your Wall Water Feature?

Selecting the best material for your wall mounted fountain is completely up to you. Fiberglass is perfect for instances in which you need a durable, lightweight, waterproof material. Moreover, this kind of fountain is easily shipped and does not need to be delivered by a big vehicle.

There are many materials that can be used in making them, such as stone, clay, wood, and metals such as copper, although most indoor ones are made of some sort of metal. Despite the recent higher cost of this raw material, copper remains an excellent option for your fountain if it is affordable. Cast stone is the best material to design the ideal wall fountain in a style resembling the classic Mediterranean look found in Italy, Spain, and France. These molded, cast stone concrete features are very dependable and suitable to be placed on the floor against a wall. Available in numerous hues, they are typically made in the USA due to the high price of transportation.


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