The Main Characteristics of Classic Greek Statuary

Archaic Greeks were well known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, considered by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot stretched out of a fixed forward-facing posture and the male statues were always unclothed, with a powerful, sturdy physique. In 650 BC, life-size models of the kouroi began to be observed. Throughout the Archaic time, a great time of changes, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a better awareness of people and cultures outside Greece. p-527__31311.jpg Comparable to other periods of historical conflict, disputes were common, and there were struggles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons encountered incredible modifications to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. However the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Castles were more standard designs and often built on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, mostly located in the widest, most fertile hollows. Relaxing pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is reported to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace recommended for exercising and as a means to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

Gardens of Chatworth and the "Revelation" Water Feature

“Revelation,” the most recent addition to the beautiful outdoor fountains of Chatsworth, was designed by recognized British sculptor Angela Conner. She was commissioned by the now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to create a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. “Revelation” was placed in 1999 in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s most seasoned ponds. Taking on the form of four big flower petals which open and close with the circulation of water, the metallic fountain alternatively conceals and displays a golden globe at the heart of the sculpture. A metal globe painted with gold dust was integrated in the sculpture, which rests five meters high and five meters wide. This latest fountain is an exciting and interesting addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the motion of the flower petals is completely powered by water.

What Are Large Outdoor Fountains Manufactured From?

Although they come in alternative materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metals tend to produce clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any design theme or budget. Your outdoor design should complement the style of your house.

Today, many people elect copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper fountains are the best option because they are perfect for the inside and outside. Another advantage of copper fountains is they are flexible and come in a wide range of styles.

If you are drawn to more classic-looking water fountains, brass is probably what you want. Brass fountains are often designed with intriguing artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

Arguably the most contemporary of all metals is stainless steel. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and enhance the overall mood. As with any type of fountain, they are available in many sizes.

Fiberglass is a common material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lighter and easier to move than metal. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is fairly easy, another benefit that consumers like.

The Elegance of Wall Mounted Fountains

Your house or garden are fantastic places for a wall mounted fountain. Are you certain you do not have the room for this kind of water element? The perfect solution is with a wall fountain. You can put up one anywhere such as any wall, post, or fence. Once you determine the ideal spot for your water feature, fill it with water and plug in the pump. Your inside or exterior space now has a working water fountain. Carefully consider the area or wall best suited for your wall fountain. Envision the best place to display it. Look at your fountain under different lights including daylight and evening light, as this will affect its final look.

How Fountains can be Ideal for the Environment

Are you seeking to beautify your residence? Well, you can add that special touch and augment the value of your home just by adding a solar water fountain. They are the same as electric fountains in that they help with one's overall well-being but they also offer monetary benefits. Despite initial expenses, the long-term investment in this type of fountain is worth it. Despite occasional power outages, your fountain will not be affected because it does not run on electricity.

Running water fountains will lead to an increase in your electric bill. Keep in mind that while you may not see any rewards right away, your home will be worth more further down the road.

Higher costs is not the only issue with using more electricity, the environment takes a big hit as well. The only source of energy used by solar powered water features is sunlight making them a “green” alternative. Using solar power to run a water feature is not only beneficial to our environment but it also heats and cools our homes.

This sort of water fountain doesn't need as much upkeep as others.

These water features need less cleaning than other kinds. Clogs don't occur since there is no motor - which leads to less cleaning. And this means more personal time for you!

Water-raising System by Camillo Agrippa

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s wonderful plan for raising water was not referred to much after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it in public. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern channels made the system useless when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592. The more plausible conclusion is that the device was deserted once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherdied in 1588, leading him to give up his rank as cardinal and return to Florence where he obtained the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. It could go against gravity to lift water to Renaissance gardens, providing them in a way other late 16th century designs which include scenographic water displays, music water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.


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