The Newest Addition to the Chatsworth Gardens: "Revelation"

The popular British sculptor Angela Conner designed the Chatsworth ornamental outdoor fountain called “Revelation.” In 2004/2005 she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to produce a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in brass and steel, for the Queen’s 80th birthday. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s oldest ponds, had “Revelation” placed in 1999. 6531_2402__66101.jpg Taking the form of four large petals which open and close with the circulation of water, the metallic water fountain alternately conceals and displays a gold colored globe at the heart of the sculpture. The sculpture’s dimensions are five meters in height by five meters in width and features a steel globe coated with gold dust. This most recent water fountain is an intriguing and innovative addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the movement of the petals is completely driven by water.

Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Previous to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, citizens who resided on hillsides had to go further down to gather their water from natural sources. Over this time period, there were only two other technologies capable of supplying water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they employed the new method of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were placed along its length when it was initially designed. Even though they were primarily planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to collect water from the channel, commencing when he obtained the property in 1543. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to satisfy his needs. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his property.

Garden Water Features: Beautiful Memorials

To honor the memory of someone who has passed, consider creating a garden fountain. Many old customs have been done away with in today’s world. Honoring loved ones who have passed is still the standard, however. Some memorials might include a number of personal objects. There are many ways to remember someone passed and many people choose a backyard garden fountain to this end. Adding personal items such as photographs or a nameplate, planting a tree, or holding yearly remembrance ceremonies at the fountain will make the garden fountain more unique to your loved one.

Garden fountains allow you to pay homage to loved ones you have lost. Prosperity and a good life lived can be celebrated with the flowing water, which is a figurative depiction of those things. It is highly recommended to choose a high quality, sturdy garden fountain that is resistant to bad weather so that it will last a very long time. Once you do the work to build the garden fountain memorial, you will want to ensure it will last.

Water Features Commonplace in Japanese Gardens

You will rarely see a Japanese garden that does not include a water feature. Since Japanese water fountains are considered emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very basic because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Many people also opt for a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. The water moves through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin below. Even when new, it should be made to appear as if it has been outside for a long time. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they place plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly, this fountain is something more than just a basic decoration.

For something a bit more distinctive, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. Eventually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Larger water features can be developed if there is enough open land. Nice add-ons include a babbling creek or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is okay to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to produce the illusion of moving water.

Where did Large Garden Fountains Begin?

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it. Roman fountains usually depicted images of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

The History of Outdoor Water Fountains

The translation of hundreds of classic Greek documents into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. It was important for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. Reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had transported fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the behest of the Pope. The ancient Roman tradition of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the location where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was formerly occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and constructed by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden

Some gardeners are drawn to herbal plants which can effortlessly be cultivated inside the house and out and are perfect in a wide array of cooking processes. They are easy to grow inside our homes or out, and provide immediate gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups. Herbs are very easy to manage and often do not demand daily care, but even better you can relocate these plants in the house with the pots to guarantee they are going to be able to pull through the winter weather that is liable to be cold and deadly for all plants. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. In addition, the kinds of herbs you like to cook with should affect your personal herb selection. Consider the dishes you want when selecting which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to plant basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, go with cilantro. Where you put your herb garden will determine which herbs can grow there. To make the job a lot simpler, plant directly in the ground if you live in a mild climate with no severe winters or summers This makes it so you do not have to worry about making planters. It is also a magnificent way to decorate your garden. Are you nervous that your area has horrendous climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters because with their flexibility and usefulness allows you to move the herbs in the house at any time.


Chatsworth Gardens: The Revelation Garden Fountain
Designed by celebrated English sculptor Angela Conner, Revelation is the most recent addition to the Chatsworth decorative garden water fountains. The now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire commissioned her, due to her work in brass and... read more
How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Spread
The published reports and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water feature suggestions all through Europe. An un-named... read more
Did You Know How Mechanical Designs of Fountains Became Known?
Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated books of the day. They were also the main means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts... read more
The Circulation of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe
Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the primary method... read more
Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are many celebrated water fountains. Practically all of them were planned, conceived and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city designer,... read more