The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century considerably altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The ability of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. 8509-1701__20057.jpg But the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often designed upon windy peaks, castles were basic structures that enabled their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally placed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The tranquil method of gardening was impractical in these dismal bastions. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. As a strategy of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Can Wall fountains Help Cleanse The Air?

You can animate your living space by installing an indoor wall fountain.

Your senses and your health can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features. Science supports the hypothesis that water fountains are good for you. Water features in general produce negative ions which are then balanced out by the positive ions released by modern conveniences. Indisputable positive changes in mental and physical health arise when negative ions overpower positive ions. You can become more alert, relaxed and lively due to an boost in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. Due to the negative ions it produces, an indoor wall fountain can improve your spirits and also eliminate impurities in the air. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other aggravations, ensure you install one of these. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms present in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.

Architectural Statues in Old Greece

Though the majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well because many of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture started to be prevalent as well, and would be welcomed by the Romans when they defeated the Greeks, and quite often affluent families would order a depiction of their progenitors to be put inside their huge familial burial tombs. The usage of sculpture and other art forms varied through the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of creative growth when the arts had more than one objective. It may be the modern quality of Greek sculpture that grabs our eye today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the ancient world whether it was established for religious reasons or aesthetic pleasure.

Explore the World’s Tallest Fountains

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the leading continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the heavens.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is situated next to highest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, finished in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Original Fountains

Villages and communities relied on functional water fountains to conduct water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or creeks. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later part of the nineteenth century. Typically used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have influenced people from all over the world all through the centuries. The common fountains of modern times bear little similarity to the very first water fountains. Basic stone basins created from nearby stone were the original fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were actually used. The spraying of water appearing from small jets was pushed by gravity, the sole power source creators had in those days. The location of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along aqueducts, waterways, or streams. Fountains with ornate decoration began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., normally gods and wildlife, made with stone or bronze. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the eye-catching public fountains, many of which you can travel to today.

The Best Way to Include the Benefits of Feng Shui to Your Yard

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by adding its design elements into your yard.

Size is not the main consideration when incorporating feng shui design to your garden. It is great to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still incorporate feng shui design.

Whether you are introducing feng shui design to your home or garden, the approaches are the same. The initial part is to figure out the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is necessary to incorporate it. Since rocks epitomize the Earth element in feng shui, you might give some thought to putting some into a tranquil Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

Anyone thinking about incorporating a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

Setting up a Water Fountain In Smaller Gardens

The reflective properties of water means it can make smaller spaces appear bigger than they are. Water features such as fountains profit from the reflective characteristics coming from dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use submersed lights in different colors and shapes to light up your new feature. The sun is essential to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. The comforting effect created by these is oftentimes used in nature techniques to alleviate anxiety and stress.

The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to place your water feature. Your pond, man-made waterway, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to put in a water feature. The atmosphere can be significantly changed by placing it in the best place and using the right accessories.


The Revelation Garden Fountain at Chatsworth Gardens
Designed by celebrated English sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the latest addition to the Chatsworth ornamental exterior water features. The... read more
The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Technology
The published papers and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic concepts... read more
The Dispersion of Fountain Design Innovation
Throughout Europe, the principal means of spreading practical hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated publications of the time, which... read more
Wall Fountains: The Minoan Society
During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various varieties of conduits have been identified. Along with offering water, they distributed water that accumulated from deluges or waste. Most were made from clay or... read more