The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Architecture and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their residents devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The bare fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of gardening. p-600__31083.jpg The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is exemplified in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most unscathed illustration we have. The keep is reported to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. As a technique of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains

Convert your garden into what you have always wished for – an oasis of peace. You can benefit from a water feature by adding an outdoor fountain to your garden and creating a place of serenity.

A striking impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air. If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without trouble. You can find these in community recreational areas or old mansions.

Choose a fashionable wall fountain to put outdoors. These types of fountains make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. Whereas spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is best for you. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more modern yard can include more of a bold design. Let your imagination run free to choose the best option.

Water flows down several levels in a tiered fountain. Due to the water streaming down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, hang a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is minimal. The reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Japanese fountains are thought to lend a sense of tranquility and wellness.

In this type of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is positioned at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

Glass fountains make up a different category of fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional aspect. Gardens with a lot of sharp edges as well as modern forms and designs are better for these types of water features. As the water flows over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water streams downwards. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) shows off water slowly flowing down its façade.

A large rock drilled with openings which then has pipes inserted into it is what distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain. The bubbling and gurgling at the topmost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This type of fountain is ideally suitable for small gardens. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is perfect because it prevents water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be rapidly trendy. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide range of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Dogs, Cats and Fountains

Be sure to take your pet into consideration when you are thinking of installing a water feature. A pet dog or cat may think that a stand-alone fountain is a large pool or a drinking pond. Integrating a water element to your property is a great idea, one which is certain to benefit your pets. Think about the ideal place to put your fountain if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. Installing a birdbath in your yard is the perfect solution if you want to attract birds. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good alternative if you want to avoid such troubles. Grand mansions, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ offices, often have such fountains on show.

Fountains for Cats

Does hearing water run from the faucet make your cat come running? Does he inspect the water in his bowl with his paw or drink toilet water? Odd as these behaviors sound, they actually show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water. In most instances, they will not seek out a lot of water to drink.

Untamed cats get enough moisture from the meat they consume. This tendency removed any instinct felines had to find more water to consume. Nevertheless, cats which do not hunt in the wild need proper hydration, so you need to be sure they have an adequate supply. With a cat fountain, you can be sure your cat has enough water available.

If you install one, you can rest easy knowing your pet has easy access to water. The plethora of different styles will let you to select a fountain best suited to your cat. Some fountains are basically a bowl which refills automatically while others offer fresher water due to their continuous flow.

Pets and Wildlife Love Water Fountains

Anyone who has bird feeders knows that outdoor water features bring in wildlife. The truth is that birds require water to: drink, bathe and preen. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are normally enticed to the flowing water of fountains. Birds are often drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Birds are greatly attracted to the trickling and splashing music produced.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they offer fresh water to drink. Dogs and cats will be outdoors looking out for refreshing water during hot temperatures. Consistently flowing water is also going to require much less cleaning than a still bowl of water from a birdbath, which collects debris.

Tall Fountains Around the World

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. Attaining incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

Located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which rockets water 190 meters (620 feet) into the heavens.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and rockets water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, finished in 1970, propelling water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Short History of Fountains

You might be hard pressed to find a human settlement that didn’t feature an outdoor water fountain, both sitting in the town square and weaved into its local stories. We have not continually had indoor piping, so earlier folk took excursions to the local fountain when they needed drinking water. Townspeople are also drawn to the fountains for their complicated shapes and flowing water, gathering there to partake in prayer or even to make plans. Water fountains have other religious uses, such as purifying worshipers during ceremonies, as well as military functions, such as assisting the town to resist blockades. These water fountains are also a place for townspeople to interact, like at the fountain at Castalia in Delphi.


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