The Earliest Recorded Outdoor Fountains of the Historical Past

Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or springs to cities and villages, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to squeeze the water through spigots or other outlets. 8530_xx03_canyon__08733.jpg Typically used as monuments and commemorative edifices, water fountains have influenced people from all over the world all through the centuries. If you saw the very first fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the first fountains were very simple carved stone basins. Stone basins are thought to have been first made use of around the year 2000 BC. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to manipulate the movement of water through the fountain. Positioned near reservoirs or creeks, the practical public water fountains provided the local citizens with fresh drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in approximately 6 B.C., commonly gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

An Intro to Herbs in The Garden

An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbs. You'll enjoy immediate gratification when you grow herbal plants in the garden as they can be employed in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a wide array of other recipes. Maintaining your herb garden all year is straight forward to do as you can place the herbal plants in pots and move them in when the weather starts to turn cold. There are a couple of benefits of having perennial herbs in your garden such as the fact that they do not need replanting at the end of the year or typically die. In addition, the kinds of herbs you like to cook with should affect your personal herb choices. Personalize your herb garden to the type of food you most frequently cook. For example, plant cilantro if you prefer Mexican or Thai food. If you make more Italian food, absolutely plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must choose where your herb garden will be planted in order to decide which herbs will mature best. It may be simpler to plant right into the earth if you live in a place that has hotter winters and colder summers. It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless option because you do not need to construct or buy planters.

Are you worried that your area has terrible climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters as with their versatility and practicality allows you to move the herbs indoors at any time.

A Fountain your Cat Will Appreciate

Whenever your cat hears water flowing in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he drink from the toilet or feel the water in his bowl before trying it? Though these actions might seem odd, in fact they are common because cats shy away from water that is not moving. In most cases, they will not look for a lot of water to drink.

In nature, cats tend to eat moisture-rich meat, which means they do not need to regularly search for water. Therefore, felines never developed the drive to drink water. That said, domestic cats do in fact need extra water, so it is up to you to supply it. Cat fountains are an easy way to provide a water source for your pet.

Unlimited fresh water will continually be available to your pet if you install one. Fountains come in various shapes and sizes, so be sure to buy one that best fits the needs of your cat. One kind of fountain has regularly moving water for maximum freshness whereas others have water which is repeatedly refilled when the bowl is empty.

Your Yard Can Benefit from Feng Shui

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by incorporating its design elements into your yard.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not especially important when incorporating feng shui design to it. A huge space is great for those privileged enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui methods are the same whether you are working in your garden or your home. As the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your house’s bagua, you will need to start by understanding the bagua of the house.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is crucial to start by learning how to strengthen each of its five elements.

The Earth element, for example, should be integrated in the northeast section of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. This could be the ideal place to put a meditative Zen garden with some beautiful stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Think about incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

The Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth

Providing a fantastic center of attention to the gardens at the back of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. For 200 yards towards the house is a collection of 24 irregularly spaced stone steps stretching all the way down the hillside. Based mostly on a 17th century French concept, the Cascade is also completely gravity fed. In 1696, this water fountain was created for the first Duke of Devonshire and has been kept the same ever since that time. Located at the top of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water flows downward. A small building, the house is embellished on the external side with sea creatures in bas-relief. Before proceeding down the Cascade, on unique occasions water pressure to the Cascade can easily be increased, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade spectacle, as water circulates through ducts on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved ocean creatures. Offering a fantastic and soothing accompaniment to a stroll through the gardens, the minor difference in measurement of every step indicates that the sound of the water cascading downward differs as it falls along the Cascades. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was chosen by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.

The Roman Water Fountains of Michelangelo

The 16th century saw the construction of the earliest Roman wall fountains, the designs of two celebrated Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. The first fountain Michelangelo made came in 1536 with the construction of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to make part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. The construction of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more impressive water display, was included years later. Styled on the late Cinquecento, Michelangelo made a larger basin, anticipating the building of the conduit.

Was the reknowned maestro the earliest to create wall fountains? The maestro's designs absolutely influenced the future style of fountains in Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone found between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further models of this type of structure.

Sadly, Michelangelo was destined to put his own brilliance aside and combine classical elements into fountains based on Roman styles. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain built at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and instructed the Florentine genius to design a special wall fountain. The famed artist was asked to design a marble figure of Moses striking a stone from which water streamed forth. However, an ancient figure of Cleopatra replaced the statue of Moses because the latter would take too much time build. It was considered easier to use a classical statue above the fountain rather than have the illustrious artist design a totally new figure.

The Prevalence of Japanese Water Elements

No Japanese garden is complete without a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is supposed to be the focal point of a fountain, you will find that the designs are kept very straightforward.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. The bamboo spout is positioned over the basin, typically crafted of natural stones, and water trickles out. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered look as well. So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people normally adorn it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decor.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Gradually moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Charming add-ons include a babbling stream or tiny pool with koi in it.

However, water does not need to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to symbolize the water. In addition, flat rocks can be laid out close enough together to create the illusion of a babbling brook.


How Mechanical Designs of Outdoor Spread
Spreading useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. An un-named French fountain designer was an... read more
The Original Outside Water Fountain Designers
Commonly working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th... read more
Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features
There are many celebrated Roman water fountains in its city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceived and constructed nearly all of them. Also a... read more
Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Solutions
Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Rome, inhabitants who resided on hillsides had to journey further down to gather their water from natural sources. Over this time period, there were only two other techniques capable... read more
Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism
Although the machine designed by Agrippa for carrying water earned the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to vanish not very long after. It might have come to be dated when the Villa Medici was enabled... read more
The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture
The first freestanding sculpture was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished success since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Younger, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the... read more