The First Outdoor Water Fountains of History

2405-11703__58941.jpg Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to convey water from canals or springs to towns and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. In the days before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding mountains. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have influenced men and women from all over the world throughout the centuries. If you saw the first fountains, you would not identify them as fountains. The very first accepted water fountain was a stone basin carved that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Pure stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the circulation of water through the fountain. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, canals, or rivers. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, built from stone and bronze. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Roman Wall Fountains of Michelangelo

Two Florentine artists by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati created the earliest Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. The fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, which was finished in 1536 and became part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was Michelangelo’s first creation. A conduit from the Aqua Felice was constructed later and it brought water to the Capitol making a more lavish water effect possible. Styled on the late Cinquecento, Michelangelo created a larger basin, anticipating the construction of the conduit.

Was the well-known artist the mastermind of the wall fountain? His designs undoubtedly influenced the design of fountain which predominates throughout Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further examples of this type of structure.

Regrettably, Michelangelo was destined to put his own abilities aside and combine conventional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. A brand-new fountain at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned by Julius III (1550-1555) and it fell to the talented sculptor to design a unique structure. A marble Moses hitting the rock from which water flowed was to decorate the fountain. Rather than making the Moses sculpture, which would take too much time to complete, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. An ancient figure was thought to be quicker to install over the fountain than the construction of a completely new statue by the famed artist.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense. Gardening, a placid occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. The purest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror.

As a method of deterring assailants from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.

Reasons to Install Your Own Pond Fountain

When picturing a fountain, most people first think of the artfully sculpted ones found adorning beautiful homes, parks, public buildings, etc. However, they can really suit any decor, as they can be made in just about any shape, size, and design. You might even find a location in your own garden area for a beautiful pond fountain.

Two positive things can take place if you add one of your own. To begin, everyone knows that fountains add elegance and contribute to a calming ambiance. The sound of the water moving combined with the charming appearance is perfect to finish off a tough day. You will notice your surroundings benefitting from its elegance, too. What’s more, your lovely fountain will interest your guests and you will find your parties more engaging.

Another advantage is that such a water feature will supply the fish in your pond with cleaner, healthier water. Since it keeps the water pumping constantly, it helps to increase the oxygen level in the pond to the advantage of your fish. The continual movement of the water and the better oxygen levels will make sure your fish stay healthy. Your plants will be thank you as well.

Pets and Water Fountains

Ensure that you take your pet into consideration when you are planning on installing a water feature. Your pet dog could think that your stand-alone fountain resembles a big pond to drink from or a pool in which to swim. Consider installing a water element in your yard since it is a feature that will affect your much loved pets favorably. Think about the best place to put your fountain if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. If you wish to deliberately entice birds, however, putting in a birdbath is an ideal solution. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good option if you want to avoid such issues. These types of fountains are ideal for dental and medical offices, not to mention grand estates.

Setting up a Water Fountain In Smaller Gardens

You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Increasing the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. If your intention is to showcase your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick. Eco-lights fueled by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to jazz up your backyard at night. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to place your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. Water features make great additions to both large gardens or small patios. Considerably modifying the ambience is possible by locating it in the most appropriate place and include the finest accompaniments.

What Are Garden Water fountains Crafted From?

Most modern-day garden fountains come in metal, although various other types exist. Metallic models offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can accommodate nearly any decorative style and budget. Your outdoor design should complement the style of your home.

Presently, copper is extremely prevalent for sculptural garden fountains. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be placed either inside or outside - making it a great choice. Copper fountains also come in a vast array of styles - from fun and eccentric to modern and cutting-edge.

Brass water fountains are also popular, though they tend to have a more classic look than copper ones. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite common because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Of all the metals, stainless steel is viewed as the most contemporary-looking. If you select a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice lift. As with most fountains, they are available in many sizes.

Because it is both lighter and cheaper than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. The upkeep of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many benefits that people appreciate.


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