Early Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of multiple kinds. These were made use of to supply cities with water as well as to lessen flooding and remove waste material. They were for the most part created from terracotta or stone. 6052_4303__46921.jpg Anytime terracotta was used, it was usually for waterways as well as pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or circular shapes. These included cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were unique to the Minoans. Clay piping were used to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters below the floor surfaces. Along with distributing water, the terracotta conduits of the Minoans were also utilized to accumulate water and store it. In order to make this possible, the pipes had to be designed to handle: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not really understood why the Minoans needed to transport water without it being enjoyed. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also information which suggests the pipes being used to supply water features independently of the domestic scheme.

The Prevalence of Water Elements in Japanese Gardens

You will rarely see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water feature. You will often notice Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are thought to be symbolic of physical and spiritual purification. Since water is the most important element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Moreover, water fountains with built-in bamboo spouts are very common. The water passes through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin underneath. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they put plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just nice decoration.

For something a bit more one-of-a-kind, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. Before long moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

More substantial water features can be developed if there is enough open land. Consider adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Other options include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. You can also assemble flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Eco-Friendly Fountains: Good for the Environment

Have you always wanted to beautify the look of your residence? Well, think about adding elegance and value to your residence by installing a solar water fountain. Solar powered fountains can be a better investment versus electric ones because they not only improve one's well-being but they offer other interesting monetary perks. Despite initial expenses, the long-term expense for this type of fountain is worth it. Despite periodic power outages, your fountain will not be affected because it does not run on electricity.

Your monthly electric bill will most likely increase with running water fountains. The short-term benefits may not be noticeable, but keep in mind that the increased value of your home will be later on.

The increased costs resulting from using more electricity is not the only factor, it also harms our eco-system. Becoming “green” is just one of the advantages of setting up a solar water fountain running only on the power of the sun. The use of solar energy to heat or cool your house is much better for our planet.

This sort of water fountain doesn't need as much upkeep as others.

These water features require less maintenance than other kinds.

Since solar fountains don't have motors, they don't get clogged which leads to less cleaning. And less cleaning means more time to enjoy yourself!

The World’s Tallest Fountains

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the highest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is third placed Gateway Geyser (1995). With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are functioning.

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is located next to tallest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. The fountain shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Tidy

Proper care and regular upkeep are important to the longevity of water fountains. It is important to clean it out and take out any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is vulnerable to growing algae. To prevent this, there are some common ingredients that can be added into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Some people opt for pouring bleach into the water, but the drawback is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

Experts suggest that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scrubbing every 3-4 months. Before you can start washing it you should drain out all of the water. When it is empty, scrub inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. A useful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Do not leave any soap residue inside of or on the fountain.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it quicker to wash. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to reduce this dilemma.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. Allowing the water to reach below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

The Best Way to Mount a Wall Water Fountain

Any living space will benefit from the inclusion of a wall fountain. The benefits of the water sounds include bringing tranquility and calm to the room. People tend to place their wall fountains in entryways, but, in fact, they can be a wonderful addition to any room where everyone meets. Although each model might have slight differences on how to hang it, the general directions are the same for all. Note that different parts will need to be put together during assembly. Once you attach the base and the top you will then need to connect the pump and the tubing. It is advisable to carefully check out the directions before you start the assembly process. It is usually a straight-forward process. Keep in mind, though, that each design might need a slight change. Have a colleague hold the wall fountain in the desired place, then mark the wall accordingly. The best way to ensure it is hung correctly is to use a level. It is recommended to mark both the bottom and the top placements. Your wall fountain can be mounted in one of two ways. You will see slots on the back side of the wall fountain which can be mounted directly onto the screws. Alternatively, you can affix brackets to the wall and use those. This last one is the more advisable way, especially if your fountain is large. Determine where the brackets will be placed and then mark the appropriate spot on the wall. Use a drill to make the pilot holes on the wall for your drywall anchors. Carefully tap on the anchors with a hammer to embed them into the wall. Hold the brackets in position on the wall and use a wireless drill or screwdriver to affix them. Mount your wall fountain by securing it onto the brackets. Check to see that it is in the ideal position and secure on the brackets. Water can be added once the fountain has been positioned. The pump should be totally immersed under water. It is now time to plug it in and observe the water flow. The water should fill the basin to within one inch of the top. Be attentive not to fill it completely to the top or it will overflow when you turn off the pump. The water level will rise because it all settles at the bottom of the basin if not being pumped. The water will overflow and cause damage if your wall fountain is too full.

Architectural Sculpture in Old Greece

A good number of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to accentuate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and many Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to portray ordinary men and women as well. Portraiture, which would be acknowledged by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became traditional as well, and thriving family members would often commission a portrait of their forebears to be placed in enormous familial tombs. It is amiss to state that the arts had one aim during the course of The Classical Greek period, a time period of innovative advancement during which the use of sculpture and alternative art forms changed. Whether to gratify a visual yearning or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an artistic method in the ancient world, which may well be what draws our attention currently.


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