The Original Public Water Fountains

Towns and villages depended on practical water fountains to funnel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or springs. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the nineteenth century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to squeeze the water through spigots or other outlets. The elegance and wonder of fountains make them ideal for traditional monuments. Simple in design, the 1st water fountains did not look much like modern-day fountains. pd-154__56544.jpg The very first known water fountain was a stone basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. The first stone basins are believed to be from around 2000 BC. The first civilizations that used fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. Creatures, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the initial ornate Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 B.C.. Water for the public fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

The Roman Wall Fountains of Michelangelo

Two Florentine sculptors by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati designed the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was unveiled. Built some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which brought water into the Capitol permitting a greater water display. Expecting this, Michelangelo had added a more sizable basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

Was the famed artist the inventor of the wall fountain? His designs undoubtedly inspired the type of fountain which dominates throughout Italy. The styles found at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone, set between the flight of steps on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino, are other examples of this style.

Michelangelo’s amazing talent was put aside because he was compelled to design fountains uniting classical elements and a Roman style. A new fountain at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican was authorized by Julius III (1550-1555) and it fell to the talented sculptor to create an archetypal structure. The fountain was to be decorated with a marble sculpture of Moses hitting a stone from which water flowed. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this idea was turned down because it would take a lot of time to build and a classic statue of Cleopatra was used instead. It was considered easier to use a classic piece of art above the fountain rather than have the eminent artist design a totally new figure.

Where did Fountains Originate from?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the artist responsible for building it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Short History of Fountains

Throughout history, water fountains have been an integral part of every city and settlement, even playing a part in each civilization’s myths and legends. Before we had sinks and faucets in our houses to give us water, people relied on these water features when they wanted water for drinking, cooking, or cleaning.

The fountains’ interesting design and life-giving attributes also give them a particular supernatural quality for the townsfolk, inspiring prayer and even dreams. The water fountains are a location for baptisms, as well as a source of water when materials are cut off by a military siege. These fountains are furthermore a setting for townspeople to socialize, like at the fountain at Castalia in Delphi.

Outdoor Fountains for Compact Areas

Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a smaller spot appear larger than it is. Augmenting the reflective attributes of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use submersed lights in a variety of colors and shapes to illuminate your new feature. The sun is indispensable to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

The vegetation in your yard is a great spot to fit in your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to become the central piece of your backyard. Examples of spots where you can install a water element include large lawns or small patios. The right accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to improve the atmosphere.

What Water Fountains Bring to your Life

Outdoor fountains are perfect inclusions to any home because they contribute so manybenefits such as healthier air quality, and captivating sights and sounds. They will make you more joyful, healthier and give you a wonderful place to gather with people you care about. That said, once you set up your fountain you will likely notice the many benefits it provides to only you. It might carry you back to a special time or spot you fondly remember. When you look at it, you may flash back to a special person you once knew. It could also be made into a memorial to honor someone already gone. You will undoubtedly delight in its benefits and beauty for a long time.

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa

During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, many varieties of channels have been detected. These furnished water and extracted it, including water from waste and deluges. They were commonly constructed from terracotta or rock. Whenever prepared from terracotta, they were commonly in the form of canals and round or rectangle-shaped pipes. The cone-like and U-shaped clay pipelines which were uncovered have not been detected in any other culture. Terracotta pipes were utilized to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the flooring. The terracotta water lines were additionally utilized for amassing and holding water. This required the clay conduits to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s invisible nature may suggest that it was initially planned for some type of ritual or to distribute water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars believe that these pipelines were used to create a separate distribution process for the palace.


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