The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

twf122l__86834.jpg The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Castles were more basic constructions and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, commonly positioned in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most unchanged model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants wanting to dig under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge trimmed into the shape of crude battlements.

Musical Fountains: Rhythms and Tones

An animated musical fountain, also referred to as a dancing fountain which additionally creates three-dimensional imagery, is generally used for leisure purposes. Timed light, including lasers, and sound waves which strike water molecules, generates stunning displays. The three-dimensional images are produced by the water refracting and reflecting the light.

Running into the millions of dollars, such giant installations call for hundreds of water jets and lights. Building a musical feature, which is made up of mechanical, hydraulic, and electrical components, which are not visible, can be so intricate that it just might be as amazing as the show itself.

The musical fountain project in Dubai is considered the largest in the world. Created by California based WET Design, which also developed the celebrated Las Vegas fountain at the Bellagio Hotel, it spans the 30-acre man-made Burj Khalifa Lake. This fantastic feature uses of 6,600 lights, 25 colored projectors, as well as fire an fog. Incredibly, it measures 207-meters (902 feet) and jets water 150 meters (490 feet) high - this is comparable to a 50-story building- and plays an variety of music including classical to modern Arabic and world music. The end cost was estimated at 218 million US dollars. The fountain along with the Dubai Mall were both officially opened on May 8, 2009 by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Set in front of the Burj Khalifa, this fountain is best seen from the Souk Al Bahar or the Dubai Mall.

Where did Large Garden Fountains Originate from?

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times utilized by Romans to beautify their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Godfather Of Rome's Water Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many celebrated water features. Almost all of them were planned, conceived and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Traces of his life's work are apparent all through the roads of Rome simply because, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain builder, he was additionally a city architect. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An exceptional workman, Bernin received encouragement and the the backing of popes and important painters. Originally he was renowned for his sculpting skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he utilized a base of experience in historical Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. Though many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Water Fountains: How they Can Better your Well-Being

Outdoor fountains are ideal inclusions to any home because they contribute so manybenefits such as healthier air quality, and appealing sights and sounds. They will make you more joyful, healthier and provide you a beautiful spot to gather with people you care about. That said, once you set up your fountain you will likely discover the many benefits it gives only you. Perhaps it takes you back to a particular area you once visited. It might just make you think back to a certain person from your past. It could also be turned into a memorial to pay your respects to someone already gone. Regardless, it will be yours and yours alone and also add so much to your world.

The World’s Tallest Fountains

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the highest continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). The water reaches the fantastic height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. This fountain is regarded as the tallest in the United States with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of propelling water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Water Fountains for Cats

Is your feline attracted to the noise of running water in the sink? Does he inspect the water in his bowl with his foot or drink from the toilet? Strange as these behaviors appear, they really show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water. They are not driven to drink water much at all.

Untamed cats get enough moisture from the meat they ingest. For this reason, felines do not have a natural craving for much water. Nevertheless, cats which do not hunt in the wild need adequate hydration, so you need to ensure they have an adequate supply. With a cat fountain, you know your cat has plenty of water available.

Having one will ensure your cat has enough water available whenever it wants to drink. Fountains come in many shapes and sizes, so be certain to buy one that best fits the needs of your cat. Some fountains are basically a basin which refills automatically while others offer fresher water due to their constant flow.


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