The Roman Water Fountains of Michelangelo

Two Florentine artists by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati created the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. In 1536 Michelangelo’s very first fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was unveiled. The building of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more beautiful water display, was included years later. twf124__76743.jpg Styled on the late Cinquecento, Michelangelo created a larger basin, anticipating the construction of the conduit.

Was the famed maestro the inventor of the wall fountain? The maestro's designs absolutely impacted the future style of fountains in Italy. Today, this structural design is found at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged among the stairs on the primary axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Sadly, Michelangelo was destined to put his own brilliance aside and combine traditional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain built at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and instructed the Florentine master to design a one-of-a-kind wall fountain. A marble Moses striking the rock from which water flowed was to decorate the fountain. The idea of the Moses figure was rejected, however, because of the time it would take to create it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. It was considered easier to use a classical piece of art above the fountain rather than have the illustrious artist design a totally new figure.

Keeping Your Water Wall Fountain Tidy

Water fountains will keep working a long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. It is essential to clean it out and remove any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. Also, algae is likely to build up wherever natural light meets water. To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water.

Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can harm birds or other animals.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should have a good cleaning. Before you can start washing it you must drain out all of the water. Then use mild soap and a soft sponge to clean the interior of the reservoir. Feel free to use a toothbrush if necessary for any smaller crevasses. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. Letting it soak in vinegar for a few hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain daily and add water if you see that the level is depleted. Allowing the water to drop below the pump’s intake level, can cause serious damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Can Large Garden Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

If what you want is to breathe life into an otherwise boring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the solution. Your senses and your health can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. The science behind this theory endorses the idea that water fountains can favorably impact your health. The negative ions generated by water features are counterbalanced with the positive ions released by modern-day conveniences. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in greater mental and physical health. You can become more alert, relaxed and lively due to an increase in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features.

An improved mood as well as a removal of air impurities stems from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains Water features also help in eliminating allergens, pollutants among other sorts of irritants. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby affecting your general health for the better.

The Earliest Outdoor Garden Fountains

As initially conceived, fountains were designed to be practical, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding mountains. Striking and impressive, big water fountains have been constructed as memorials in many cultures. Simple in style, the 1st water fountains didn't look much like modern fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The force of gravity was the energy source that controlled the earliest water fountains. These ancient fountains were created to be functional, frequently situated along aqueducts, creeks and rivers to supply drinking water. The Romans began constructing decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological characters. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Anglo Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century substantially transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Architecture and horticulture were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Castles were more standard designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their tenants spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, mostly located in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most unscathed example we have. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A massive terrace serves as a hindrance to intruders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

The Prevalence of Japanese Water Features

No Japanese garden is whole without a water element. Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. Since water is supposed to be the central point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very straightforward.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains. The water moves through the bamboo spout and collects in the stone basin underneath. Even when new, it should be made to appear as if it has been out in the open for a long time. People want their fountain to seem as natural as possible, so they position plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly this fountain is much more than simply a nice add-on.

An alternative is to buy a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Over the years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss blankets the stone.

Wherever there is enough open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a small stream as a final touch.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Attractive rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. You can also collect flat stones and position them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Admire the Unique Design of The Cascade Fountain at Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain forms an incredible garden focal point at the back of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly spread stone steps stretch down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the house. The Cascade, also completely gravity fed, is founded on a 17th century French concept. Created for the earliest Duke of Devonshire in 1696, this water fountain has remained the same ever since. The Cascade House stands at the peak of the fountain where water flows downward. Underwater creatures in bas-relief enhance the outside of the residence which is a small building. Just before proceeding down the Cascade, on important occasions water pressure to the Cascade may be boosted, causing the Cascade House to become an element of the Cascade spectacle, as water flows through piping on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures. The size of every single step was made slightly different and means that the music of the water falling varies as it descends the Cascades, offering a wonderful and calming complement to a stroll through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was named England's best water feature.


The Famous Revelation Water Fountain at the Gardens of Chatsworth
Angela Conner, the widely known British sculptor, designed “Revelation,” the most recent acquisition to the ornamental outdoor fountains of Chatsworth. The late 11th Duke of Devonshire mandated her, due to her work in brass and steel,... read more
The Dissemination of Fountain Design Technology
Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main means of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain design suggestions... read more
The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
The published documents and illustrated pamphlets of the day contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic... read more
Creators of the First Fountains
Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and... read more
Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Public Fountains
There are any number of famed Roman water features in its city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were designed, conceptualized and built by Gian... read more
Original Water Supply Solutions in The City Of Rome
Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started off delivering the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had relied on natural springs up till then. ... read more