The Roman Wall Fountains of Michelangelo

During the 16th century two celebrated Florentine artists by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati built the first wall features in Rome. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was revealed. Some years later, a more extravagant water exhibit was made feasible with the extension of the Aqua Felice into the Capitol. Styled on the late Cinquecento, Michelangelo built a larger basin, anticipating the construction of the conduit. ft_155__66474.jpg

Was the reknowned maestro the first to design wall fountains? His designs undoubtedly inspired the type of fountain which dominates throughout Italy. More examples of this sort of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is located between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Rather than creating fountains based on his own brilliance, Michelangelo was doomed to integrating conventional elements into Roman-styled structures. An original wall fountain for the top of the corridor of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned to the reknowned sculptor by Julius III (1550-1555). A marble figure of Moses striking a rock streaming water was to be built as decoration for the fountain. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this plan was turned down because it would take a lot of time to build and a classical statue of Cleopatra was used instead. It was thought easier to use a traditional piece of art above the fountain rather than have the eminent artist design a totally new figure.

Anglo Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However, there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Monasteries and castles served different functions, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive tactics. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle.

The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace recommended for strolling and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

Water Features and Wildlife

Putting in an outdoor water fountain or a bird feeder will allow you to enjoy the natural presence of wildlife or pets. All birds need a place to drink, bathe and preen. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are usually enticed to the moving water of fountains. Birds are often drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Trickling fountains that splash around are audible from a distance, attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they provide fresh water to drink. During the hot summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for fresh water. Fountains generally need little cleaning due to their constantly flowing water, whereas birdbaths need to be regularly serviced because they easily collect debris.

Disappearing Water Elements

There are two terms for this kind of fountain: “disappearing” and “pondless”. It is referred to as “disappearing” because the water source is under ground.

Any area where there are people, such as a walking path, is ideal for a disappearing fountain since it adds calming sounds and a lovely visual effect. They come in a wide number of styles, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

There are many special advantages to a disappearing fountain contrary to other fountains. Since the water source is underground, there is no surface water to pose a risk to those around it. This means that kids can safely play around it. Evaporating water is also not an issue because the water source is not exposed to heat. As a result, your fountain will not use as much water as other styles of fountains. This type of fountain is recommended if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither debris nor algae can contaminate it underground. Finally, due to its more compact size, it is less difficult to install it where you want it than other types of fountains.

The Original Outdoor Water Fountains

As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. The appeal and wonder of fountains make them appropriate for historic memorials. If you saw the very first fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and spiritual purposes. Stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The very first civilizations that utilized fountains depended on gravity to drive water through spigots. Located near aqueducts or springs, the functional public water fountains supplied the local population with fresh drinking water. Beasts, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the very early decorative Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 BC. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

Your Garden Can Benefit from Feng Shui

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its beneficial energy into your home as well.

When introducing feng shui design into your gardden, even a very small space is adequate. Of course, a big area is fantastic if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller areas as well.

Feng shui techniques are identical whether you are working in your garden or your home. In order to learn the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first have to understand your home’s bagua.

Before getting underway, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can maximize their energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should have in the northeast part of your garden because that part of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. A Zen garden with some lovely natural rocks is ideal for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas ideal for a water element.

An Introductory Guide to Herbs in The Garden

Some gardeners are drawn to herbs which can easily be raised indoors and out and are ideal in a wide array of cooking processes. They're easy to grow inside our homes or out, and present immediate gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups. An herb garden is easy to maintain with minimum daily care, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily moved inside once autumn frosts begin, making it possible to maintain an herb garden all year long. There are a couple of advantages of having perennial herbs in your garden such as the fact that they don't call for replanting at the end of the year or don't die. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in choosing which herbs to grow. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you like cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may decide to cultivate cilantro instead. You must determine where your herb garden will be planted in order to determine which herbs will grow best. It may be quicker to plant right into the soil if you live in a place that has warm winters and cooler summers. This makes your yard look beautiful without the trouble of making or buying planters. Are you concerned that your location has bad climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters because with their versatility and usefulness allows you to move the herbs in the house at any time.


Builders of the First Water Features
Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and... read more
The Original Outside Water Fountain Artists
Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist,... read more
Water Transport Solutions in Historic Rome
With the development of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend only... read more
Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles
With the development of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend only on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Over this time period, there were only... read more
Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Garden Fountains
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization In combination with offering water, they spread out water which gathered from deluges or waste material. The main ingredients... read more
The Minoan Culture: Garden Fountains
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of numerous types. These delivered water and eliminated it, including water from waste and deluges. Rock and terracotta were the materials of choice for... read more