The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The introduction of the Normans in the latter half of the 11th century substantially modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The talent of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. 2051-13201__47986.jpg Most often built upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental structures that permitted their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A large terrace meant for strolling and as a means to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

Short History of Fountains

Water Fountains have long had a role in towns around the world, serving as an essential supply of drinking water and even showing up in folktales. We have not continually had indoor piping, so earlier people took trips to the local fountain when they desired drinking water. The fountains’ interesting artwork and life-giving properties furthermore give them a certain supernatural quality for the townsfolk, motivating prayer and even desires. The water fountains are a place for baptisms, as well as a provider of water when supplies are cut off by a military siege. These water fountains are furthermore a place for townspeople to interact, like at the fountain at Castalia in Delphi.

Bernini's First Masterpieces

Bernini's earliest water fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art found at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. This spot continues to be filled with Roman locals and tourists who enjoy exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. Bernini would without a doubt have been happy to know that people still flock to what has become one the city's trendiest areas, that around his amazing water fountain. The master's very first fountain of his professional life was built at around 1630 at the behest of Pope Urbano VIII. The fountain’s central theme is based on an an enormous ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea.

Period reports dating back to the 16th century show that the fountain was constructed as a monument to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In what turned out to be his only prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving System

Regrettably, Agrippa’s excellent plan for raising water wasn’t referred to much following 1588, when Andrea Bacci applauded it widely. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s initial modern conduits made the unit outdated when it was linked to the Villa Medici in 1592. The more plausible reason is that the unit was abandoned when Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s siblingpassed away in 1588, leading him to give up his role as cardinal and go back to Florence where he received the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Renaissance gardens of the late 16th century happened to be home to works like musical water features, scenographic water displays and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t filled with water in ways that defied the force of gravity itself.

Use a Garden Water fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

If what you want is to breathe life into an otherwise uninspiring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your health, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. The science behind this theory supports the fact that water fountains can positively impact your health. The negative ions emitted by water features are offset by the positive ions produced by contemporary conveniences. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in bettered mental and physical wellness. You can become more alert, relaxed and lively due to an boost in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your spirits and also eliminate impurities in the air. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other annoyances, be sure to install one of these. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby influencing your general well-being for the better.

Fountains for Felines

When your cat hears water running in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he drink from the toilet or touch the water in his bowl before drinking it? Though these behaviors might seem peculiar, in fact they are common because cats shy away from water that is not moving. As a matter of fact, they do not posses a strong natural inclination to hydrate.

Untamed cats get sufficient moisture from the meat they ingest. For this reason, felines do not have a natural desire for much water. Owner's of a household cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get adequate water because it is an essential part of their overall health. With a cat fountain, you know your cat has plenty of water available.

If you put one in, you can rest easy knowing your pet has convenient access to water. You can choose one you know your cat will like since they come in so many different versions. There are fountains that always have nonstop flowing clean water while others have a bowl which refills as your cat drinks from it.

Architectural Sculpture in Ancient Greece

Sculptors adorned the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it became more standard for sculptors be paid to show everyday people as well. Portraiture started to be prevalent as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and sometimes affluent households would order a depiction of their progenitors to be placed inside their huge familial burial tombs. It is amiss to say that the arts had one function during the course of The Classical Greek period, a duration of innovative accomplishment during which the use of sculpture and other art forms changed. It may possibly be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our awareness today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the ancient world regardless of whether it was established for religious reasons or aesthetic pleasure.


The Interesting Beginnings of the Wall Water Fountain
When he was looking to make Rome the center of the Christian community, Pope Nicholas V took advantage of the occasion to ask for translations of Ancient Greek texts, converting them all into Latin. This... read more
Creators of the First Water Fountains
Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying... read more
Gian Bernini's Public Fountains
There are numerous celebrated water features in Rome’s city center. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his... read more
The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Solution
Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s wonderful design for raising water was not mentioned a great deal after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it widely. It could be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest waterway, the Acqua Felice, set about supplying the Villa Medici,... read more
"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary
The first freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome... read more