The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons encountered great changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. 115439-11305__91278.jpg The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Castles were more standard designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, commonly positioned in the widest, most fertile hollows. The calm practice of gardening was impractical in these dismal bastions. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most unchanged model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. A spacious terrace meant for strolling and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

The Positive Effects of a Wall Fountain in your Reception Area

A patient's state of mind as well as the environment around them can be much improved when a water feature is on display in the reception area of your local medical or dental practice. You may have also contemplated the beneficial effects such an element would have in your own business' reception area. Perhaps your new or remodeled car dealership, medical practice, tax office, or health spa, among other types of companies, could use one in the waiting room.

Clients waiting for an appointment or meeting for a prolonged period of time usually become more nervous.

They start to apprehensively look at the clock while thinking about everything they should be doing. The minutes may possibly pass them by when you include a wall water fountain to your waiting room. Softly trickling water generally serves to calm and sooth the mind.

Either the air conditioning or the heat is turned on in reception areas when the weather changes. This makes the air dry out in these circumstances. Water from your wall fountain will gradually evaporate, releasing the right amount of moisture into the air but not enough to make the atmosphere uncomfortably humid. This balance is good for both you and the employees who work in this environment the whole day. Dried-out air affects the mucous membranes in your body which can make you more vulnerable to health problems. Furthermore, it causes dry lips and skin as well as scratchy eyes, lifeless hair, and frail nails. The natural moisture produced by water fountains is good for your health.

Wall water fountains also add to a sense of tranquility because they muffle irritating sounds. The sound of medical equipment, phones, faxes, or office clamor is not agreeable to the ear. Even though your clients or guests may hear some sound, it will not be as invasive.

Fountains create a memorable impression in addition to producing a positive environment.

Buying one of these can give you the unique selling point you want. Furthermore, by adding the name of your business or its logo on a water fountain can become a useful marketing tool.

What is a Splash Fountain?

People are enticed by splashing fountains, otherwise known as bathing fountains, because they are the ideal place to cool off on hot summer days. Due to this, they are often referred to as interactive fountains. Allowing easy entry, these fountains also include nonslip surfaces and no standing water to eliminate drowning risks or the need for lifeguards or supervision. These splash areas, or “spraygrounds”, are usually found in community pools, public parks or public playgrounds. The solar powered water feature in Dundas Square in Toronto, Canada is just one example of these splash fountains which use the energy absorbed by specific dark-colored granite slabs. This remarkable fountain boasts 30 groups of 3 rows of 10 spigots for a total of 600 ground nozzles. Every bundle of the 30 nozzles is found underneath a stainless-steel grille. The central path through Dundas Square includes 20 such grilles positioned in 2 rows of 10.

Use a Outdoor Water fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be livened up with an indoor wall fountain. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your health, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. Scientific research supports the hypothesis that water fountains are good for you. Modern-day machines emit positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions discharged by water features. Undeniable positive changes in mental and physical health occur when negative ions overpower positive ions. A rise in serotonin levels is felt by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, serene and lively. The negative ions generated by indoor wall fountains foster a better mood as well as get rid of air impurities from your home. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other aggravations, be sure to install one of these. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms floating in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineers Through History

Commonly serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a ingenious genius, inventor and scientific expert. He systematically recorded his experiences in his currently renowned notebooks, after his enormous interest in the forces of nature guided him to explore the attributes and mobility of water. Early Italian fountain engineers changed private villa settings into innovative water showcases full with symbolic meaning and natural charm by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water fountain designers, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the many estates near Florence, were well-versed in humanistic subjects and classical scientific readings.

The Latest Addition to the Chatsworth Gardens: Revelation

The popular British sculptor Angela Conner designed the Chatsworth ornamental exterior fountain called “Revelation.” She was mandated by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. “Revelation” was placed in 1999 in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s oldest ponds. The four large metallic petals close and open with the flow of water, alternatively camouflaging and showing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s center. The sculpture’s dimensions are five meters high by five meters in width and features a metal globe finished with gold dust. The flower petals move based on the flow of water, making this installation an exciting addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth.

Original Water Delivery Solutions in Rome

With the development of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Throughout this time period, there were only 2 other systems capable of offering water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some 9 years he possessed the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were actually designed for the intent of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had built on his property to gather rainwater. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his property.


The Original Fountain Creative Designers
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the... read more
Fountain Designers Through History
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals, Leonardo da... read more
The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Plan
The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting invention earned from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporary. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest channel, the... read more
A Brief History of the First Outdoor Water Features
Villages and communities relied on functional water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the... read more
The Earliest Documented Outdoor Garden Fountains of History
Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or creeks to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with. Gravity was the... read more