Anglo Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

The advent of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century considerably transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. s_364__20607.jpg Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were basic structures that permitted their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Relaxing pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most unchanged model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is reported to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants wanting to dig under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

The Hellenic Republic: Architectural Sculpture

Historically|Traditionally|In the past}, most sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the period came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to present ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture, which would be accepted by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became customary as well, and thriving family members would often commission a rendering of their forebears to be added in enormous familial tombs. A point of artistic progression, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed through the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to suggest that the arts served only one function. Greek sculpture is perhaps appealing to us all at present as it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it doesn't matter whether or not its original function was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.

The Beautiful Early Masterpieces by Bernini

Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art found at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, this spot is flooded with Roman locals and travelers alike who enjoy conversation and each other's company. Today, the city streets around Bernini's water fountain are a trendy area where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini start off his career with the construction of his first fountain. A large boat slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. According to 16th century reports, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was commemorated by the magnificent fountain. In 1665 Bernini journeyed to France, in what was to be his only lengthy absence from Italy.

Honor a Cherished One with a Garden Fountain

For a cherished one you have lost, a garden fountain can make a wonderful memorial.

These days people no longer adhere to outdated customs. Nonetheless, it is still common to commemorate the departed. A lot of people include intimate personal objects on a memorial to remind them of their cherished one. Many people view backyard garden fountains as lovely commemorative pieces to their loved ones. Including photographs, planting a tree or flowers, attaching a custom made plaque, or holding a vigil at the fountain to pay homage are ways you can make it more personal.

You can pay homage to the dearly departed in novel and special ways with garden fountains. Success and a good life lived can be remembered with the flowing water, which is a figurative representation of those things. Whatever sort of garden fountain you choose as a memorial, make sure it is long lasting, high quality, and able to tolerate any type of weather. When you get your garden fountain up and running, you will want to make sure it is going to hold up for a long time.

Water Transport Solutions in Ancient Rome

Previous to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, inhabitants who dwelled on hills had to travel even further down to collect their water from natural sources.

If people living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the remaining existing solutions of the day, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill. During the length of the aqueduct’s route were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. During the some nine years he possessed the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi utilized these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were originally designed for the function of maintaining and maintenance the aqueduct. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to fulfill his needs. To give himself with a much more efficient way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened up, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterpieces

Michelangelo and Ammannati, two famed Florentine maestros, made the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. In 1536 Michelangelo’s earliest fountain in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome, part of the façade of the Palazzo Senatorio, was displayed. Built some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which brought water into the Capitol allowing a greater water display. Michelangelo had expected this, however, and added a bigger basin styled on the art of the late Cinquecento.

Did the introduction of wall fountains begin with the famed artist? Italy’s fountains certainly show the impact his designs had on the styles found there. More examples of this type of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is found between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s predestination to combine classic Roman elements into his fountains instead of using his own tremendous talents to design original pieces. An original wall fountain for the top of the corridor of the Belvedere in the Vatican was commissioned to the reknowned artist by Julius III (1550-1555). The fountain was to be decorated with a marble depiction of Moses hitting a stone from which water flowed. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this concept was turned down because it would take a lot of time to build and a classic statue of Cleopatra was used instead. A design by the well-known artist was thought to be too time-consuming, therefore, an ancient sculpture placed above the fountain seemed to be a better alternative.

Back Story of Outdoor Fountains

Hundreds of ancient Greek documents were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. He undertook the beautification of Rome to make it into the worthy capital of the Christian world. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ruined aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was restored starting in 1453. Building a mostra, a grandiose celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the entry point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V. At the behest of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the place where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.


Creators of the First Water Fountains
Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the... read more
Garden Fountain Builders Through History
Often working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Exemplifying the... read more
Historic Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains
A variety of sorts of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. These supplied water and eliminated it, including... read more
Contemporary Statuary in Historic Greece
A good number of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to enhance the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the period came to a close and many Greeks began to think of their religion as... read more
Greece: Architectural Statuary
Nearly all sculptors were remunerated by the temples to enhance the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the stage came to a close and countless... read more